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World fossil fuel subsidies and global carbon emissions in a model with interfuel substitution

  • Larsen, Bjorn
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    The author presents a simple empirical framework for estimating the level of world fossil fuel subsidies and analyzing their implications for carbon dioxide emissions. The author extends Larsen and Shah (1992) by applying a simple model with interfuel substitution, using a more detailed sectoral data set that includes energy prices and consumption for an expanded sample of countries. The author concludes that substantial fossil fuel subsidies prevail in a handful of large carbon-emitting countries. The fiscal implications for some countries are significant - as much as 10 percent of GDP in some countries. World subsidies are estimated to be more than $210 billion, or 20 to 25 percent of the value of world fossil fuel consumption at world prices. Removing such subsidies, the author estimates, would reduce national carbon emissions by more than 20 percent relative to baseline emissions in some countries. It would reduce global carbon emissions by 7 percent.

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    Paper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 1256.

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    Date of creation: 28 Feb 1994
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    Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:1256
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    1. Anwar Shah & Bjorn Larsen, 2008. "Carbon taxes, the greenhouse effect, and developing countries," CEMA Working Papers 583, China Economics and Management Academy, Central University of Finance and Economics.
    2. Summers, Lawrence H., 1991. "The Case for Corrective Taxation," National Tax Journal, National Tax Association, vol. 44(3), pages 289-92, September.
    3. Larsen, Bjorn & Shah, Anwar & DEC, 1992. "World fossil fuel subsidies and global carbon emissions," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1002, The World Bank.
    4. Peter Hoeller & Markku Wallin, 1991. "Energy Prices, Taxes and Carbon Dioxide Emissions," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 106, OECD Publishing.
    5. Burgess, Joanne C., 1990. "The contribution of efficient energy pricing to reducing carbon dioxide emissions," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 18(5), pages 449-455, June.
    6. Bates, Robin W. & Moore, Edwin A., 1992. "Commercial energy efficiency and the environment," Policy Research Working Paper Series 972, The World Bank.
    7. Nordhaus, William D, 1991. "To Slow or Not to Slow: The Economics of the Greenhouse Effect," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 101(407), pages 920-37, July.
    8. Thomas Sterner, 1989. "Oil Products in Latin America: The Politics of Energy Pricing," The Energy Journal, International Association for Energy Economics, vol. 0(Number 2), pages 25-46.
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