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Energy Prices, Taxes and Carbon Dioxide Emissions

Listed author(s):
  • Peter Hoeller


  • Markku Wallin


Taxes levied on the carbon content of fuels (carbon taxes) are being considered in many OECD countries as a possible policy instrument to reduce carbon dioxide emissions. This paper first reviews the policy response in Member countries to the threat of global warming. It then discusses the link between carbon emission intensities and current energy prices, touching also on the relative price effects of current energy policies and the implicit carbon taxes reflected in present energy taxation for different fuels. Finally, the likely size of carbon taxes and associated tax revenue is illustrated by simulations of OECD's GREEN model for equiproportionate emission cuts and a global permit trading system ... Dans la plupart des pays de l'OCDE on-considère les taxes perçues sur les combustibles en fonction de leur teneur en carbone (les taxes sur le carbone) comme un des moyens de réduire les émissions de dioxyde de carbone. Ce document passe en revue les réactions de politique économique des pays Membres face à la menace d'un réchauffement planétaire. Il étudie ensuite le lien entre les prix courants de l'énergie et l'intensité des émissions de carbone ainsi que les effets des politiques énergétiques sur les prix relatifs. Les effets de prix relatifs sont mis en évidence en calculant des taxes implicites sur le carbone qui reflètent le système actuel de taxation de l'énergie pour différents combustibles, Enfin le montant probable des taxes sur le carbone et des taxes sur le revenu qui y sont associées est illustré par des simulations du modèle GREEN de l'OCDE concernant des réductions équiproportionnelles d'émissions et un système global d'échanges de droits d'émissions ...

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Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Economics Department Working Papers with number 106.

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Date of creation: 01 Jan 1991
Handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:106-en
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