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The Hungarian pension system in transition

Author

Listed:
  • Palacios, Robert
  • Rocha, Roberto

Abstract

After discussing the evolution of the policy dialogue in Hungary, this report broadly describes the reform of the pay-as-you-go public pension system and its partial privatization as legislated in July 1997. Through a combination of a debt and tax financed transition, the first partial pension privatization in Central Europe is shown to generate increased national savings while placing the pension system on a more sustainable course. The potential positive impact on savings was diminished by politically-motivated compromises. Outstanding issues include problematic features of the second pillar and the reemergence of pay-as-you-go deficits in the long run. This suggests that further reforms, such as raising the retirement age beyond 62, will eventually be required.

Suggested Citation

  • Palacios, Robert & Rocha, Roberto, 1998. "The Hungarian pension system in transition," Social Protection and Labor Policy and Technical Notes 20048, The World Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:wbk:hdnspu:20048
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Robert Holzmann, 1997. "Fiscal Alternatives of Moving from Unfunded to Funded Pensions," OECD Development Centre Working Papers 126, OECD Publishing.
    2. Robert Holzmann, 1997. "Pension Reform, Financial Market Development, and Economic Growth: Preliminary Evidence from Chile," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 44(2), pages 149-178, June.
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