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International Organization of Production with Heterogeneous Firms

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Abstract

This paper presents a North-South model with differentiated goods being produced in the North. Each differentiated final good requires both management and manufacturing services as inputs, and firms are heterogeneous with regard to their productivity levels in providing these inputs. Moving manufacturing to the South lowers part of a firm's variable costs. Two scenarios, which are interpreted to correspond to vertical FDI and offshoring, are investigated. In both cases there is a minimum level of management productivity required for firms to benefit from relocation of manufacturing to the South. In the case of offshoring, productivity and profit gains are relatively larger for firms with low initial manufacturing productivity. In addition, firms with very high initial productivity in both aspects choose not to offshore due to the presence of fixed costs. The model is subsequently used to examine the implications of changes in economic integration on the type of firms that exit an industry, change production location or keep manufacturing domestically.

Suggested Citation

  • Erasmus K. Kersting, 2012. "International Organization of Production with Heterogeneous Firms," Villanova School of Business Department of Economics and Statistics Working Paper Series 17, Villanova School of Business Department of Economics and Statistics.
  • Handle: RePEc:vil:papers:17
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    1. Erasmus K. Kersting, 2013. "International Organization of Production with Heterogeneous Firms," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 21(3), pages 585-599, August.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Firms; Offshoring; Vertical FDI;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business

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