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El enfoque distributivo en el análisis de la discriminación salarial por razón de género

  • Coral del Río Otero
  • Carlos Gradín Lago
  • Olga Cantó Sánchez

En este trabajo se presentan las ventajas de analizar el problema de la discriminación salarial desde una perspectiva distributiva, considerando la experiencia discriminatoria de forma individualizada. Para ello se muestran las limitaciones tanto de los procedimientos clásicos (centrados únicamente en la media de la distribución salarial), como de recientes metodologías distributivas basadas en la utilización de regresiones cuantílicas y en la estimación de funciones contrafactuales de la distribución salarial. Profundizando en la línea abierta por Jenkins (1994), proponemos un marco normativo general en el que encuadrar la medición del gap salarial, basado en la literatura de pobreza y privación. Este enfoque permite profundizar en los aspectos distributivos del fenómeno tanto a la hora de cuantificar la discriminación global, como de realizar comparaciones entre distintos colectivos cuyas experiencias en términos de discriminación no tienen por qué ser similares. A modo de ilustración se realiza una aplicación empírica que pone de manifiesto los diferentes niveles de discriminación obtenidos a partir de la agregación de estimaciones MCO y cuantílicas del gap salarial individual compatibles con el enfoque mencionado.

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Paper provided by Universidade de Vigo, Departamento de Economía Aplicada in its series Working Papers with number 0405.

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Length: 49 pages
Date of creation: Jun 2004
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:vig:wpaper:0405
Contact details of provider: Postal: Campus de Lagoas Marcosende, s/n, 36200 VIGO
Phone: 986 - 812500
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Web page: http://webx06.webs.uvigo.es/
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  1. Dolado, Juan J. & Llorens, Vanesa, 2004. "Gender Wage Gaps by Education in Spain: Glass Floors versus Glass Ceilings," CEPR Discussion Papers 4203, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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