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El enfoque distributivo en el análisis de la discriminación salarial por razón de género

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  • Coral del Río Otero
  • Carlos Gradín Lago
  • Olga Cantó Sánchez

Abstract

En este trabajo se presentan las ventajas de analizar el problema de la discriminación salarial desde una perspectiva distributiva, considerando la experiencia discriminatoria de forma individualizada. Para ello se muestran las limitaciones tanto de los procedimientos clásicos (centrados únicamente en la media de la distribución salarial), como de recientes metodologías distributivas basadas en la utilización de regresiones cuantílicas y en la estimación de funciones contrafactuales de la distribución salarial. Profundizando en la línea abierta por Jenkins (1994), proponemos un marco normativo general en el que encuadrar la medición del gap salarial, basado en la literatura de pobreza y privación. Este enfoque permite profundizar en los aspectos distributivos del fenómeno tanto a la hora de cuantificar la discriminación global, como de realizar comparaciones entre distintos colectivos cuyas experiencias en términos de discriminación no tienen por qué ser similares. A modo de ilustración se realiza una aplicación empírica que pone de manifiesto los diferentes niveles de discriminación obtenidos a partir de la agregación de estimaciones MCO y cuantílicas del gap salarial individual compatibles con el enfoque mencionado.

Suggested Citation

  • Coral del Río Otero & Carlos Gradín Lago & Olga Cantó Sánchez, 2004. "El enfoque distributivo en el análisis de la discriminación salarial por razón de género," Working Papers 0405, Universidade de Vigo, Departamento de Economía Aplicada.
  • Handle: RePEc:vig:wpaper:0405
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    Cited by:

    1. Yolanda Pena-Boquete, 2006. "A Comparative Analysis of the Evolution of Gender Wage Discrimination: Spain Versus Galicia," ERSA conference papers ersa06p340, European Regional Science Association.

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