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Labour Taxes and Work Hours in Australia

  • Anton Hallam
  • Ernst Juerg Weber

    ()

    (UWA Business School, The University of Western Australia)

In the 1970s, work hours in Europe were similar to work hours in America, but today Europeans work less than Americans. Prescott (2004) attributes the decline in European work hours to an increase in the effective marginal tax rate on labour income. The Australian labour market experience confirms that the taxation of labour income is an important determinant of the decision to work. In Australia taxes and work hours did not change much in the long-run, but Australian work hours rebounded after a temporary increase in taxes in the 1980s. The resilience of Australian work hours suggests that a return to the tax rates of the 1970s would restore the European labour supply.

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File URL: http://www.biz.uwa.edu.au/home/research/discussionworking_papers/economics?f=162134
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Paper provided by The University of Western Australia, Department of Economics in its series Economics Discussion / Working Papers with number 07-09.

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Length: 31 pages
Date of creation: 2007
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:uwa:wpaper:07-09
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  1. Conny Olovsson, 2004. "Why do Europeans Work so Little?," 2004 Meeting Papers 760, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  2. Edward C. Prescott, 2004. "Why Do Americans Work So Much More Than Europeans?," Levine's Bibliography 122247000000000413, UCLA Department of Economics.
  3. Daniel Feenberg & Elisabeth Coutts, 1993. "An introduction to the TAXSIM model," Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 12(1), pages 189-194.
  4. Stephen Nickell, 2004. "Employment and taxes," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 19955, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
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