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Crecimiento de las regiones españolas: estructura sectorial, dinámica regional y distribución de rentas

El análisis de las regiones españolas en el período 1980-1995 indica que la composición sectorial explica la mayor parte de la evolución del empleo y de las diferencias en productividad, salarios medios y participación de las rentas del trabajo. Para el VAB el componente regional es más importante que el sectorial, aunque éste no es despreciable. Nuestro análisis permite identificar a lo largo del tiempo aquellas regiones que han crecido más (menos) que lo esperado dada su composición sectorial. Identificamos una clara relación inversa entre la participación de las rentas del trabajo en el producto y el componente puramente regional del crecimiento del empleo. Sin embargo no observamos relación entre la tasa de paro y la distribución del producto. Ello sugiere que los salarios son poco elásticos a las condiciones del mercado de trabajo, pero el crecimiento del empleo sí lo es a la evolución de las rentas del capital de la región.

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File URL: http://www.econ.upf.edu/docs/papers/downloads/228.pdf
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Paper provided by Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra in its series Economics Working Papers with number 228.

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Date of creation: Apr 1999
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Handle: RePEc:upf:upfgen:228
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.econ.upf.edu/

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  1. Alan C. Stockman, 1987. "Sectoral and National Aggregate Disturbances to Industrial Output in Seven European Countries," NBER Working Papers 2313, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Esteban, J., 2000. "Regional convergence in Europe and the industry mix: a shift-share analysis," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 30(3), pages 353-364, May.
  3. Shaked, Avner & Sutton, John, 1984. "Involuntary Unemployment as a Perfect Equilibrium in a Bargaining Model," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 52(6), pages 1351-64, November.
  4. Marimon, Ramon & Zilibotti, Fabrizio, 1996. "'Actual' versus 'Virtual' Employment in Europe: Is Spain Different?," CEPR Discussion Papers 1427, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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