Trends and Constraints Associated with Labor Faced by Non-Farm Enterprises
This paper examines trends in non-farm employment and associated labor market constraints that have hindered the growth of non-farm employment (NFE) since the economic crisis in 1997-98. We observed, among others, apparent negative correlation between employment growth in agriculture and NFE, the high rate of urban employment growth, which was more than double the rate in rural areas, and the slow growth of formal sector employment – in both rural and urban areas and in farm and in non-farm sectors. Some policy implications are discussed.
|Date of creation:||Oct 2007|
|Date of revision:||Oct 2007|
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- Chris Manning, 2000. "Labour Market Adjustment to Indonesia's Economic Crisis: Context, Trends and Implications," Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 36(1), pages 105-136.
- Asep Suryahadi & Sudarno Sumarto & Lant Pritchett, 2003. "Evolution of Poverty During the Crisis in Indonesia," Asian Economic Journal, East Asian Economic Association, vol. 17(3), pages 221-241, 09.
- Islam, Nurul, 1997. "The nonfarm sector and rural development," 2020 vision briefs 47, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
- Junior Davis, 2005. "The rural non-farm economy, Livelihoods and their," Development and Comp Systems 0510016, EconWPA.
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