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Redefining Foreign Direct Investment Policy: A Two Dimensional Framework

  • Filippov, Sergey

    ()

    (UNU-MERIT)

  • Costa, Ionara

    ()

    (UNU-MERIT)

Many countries in the world have adopted policies to attract foreign direct investment (FDI), placing the traditional focus on the maximisation of FDI flows, what can be labeled as a quantitative approach. Recently it has been argued that the FDI policy should be more selective, promoting good quality FDI inflows. The "quality" implies a certain level of technological intensity of activities and functions encompassed in an investment project, and therefore its potential impacts on host country's development. Notwithstanding the importance of this new qualitative approach, a bias towards FDI flows has persisted. While they have received full attention, foreign-owned affiliates already established in an economy have been somehow neglected. This paper seeks to overcome this imbalance and proposes a new approach to FDI policy that incorporates both dimensions. Our main argument is that policy aiming to fostering the development and innovativeness of TNC affiliates can be more effective than the attraction of new affiliates.

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Paper provided by United Nations University - Maastricht Economic and Social Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT) in its series MERIT Working Papers with number 029.

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Date of creation: 2007
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Handle: RePEc:unm:unumer:2007029
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  7. Preece, Stephen B. & Miles, Grant & Baetz, Mark C., 1999. "Explaining the international intensity and global diversity of early-stage technology-based firms," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 14(3), pages 259-281, May.
  8. Pearce, Robert, 1999. "The evolution of technology in multinational enterprises: the role of creative subsidiaries," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 8(2), pages 125-148, April.
  9. Caves, Richard E, 1971. "International Corporations: The Industrial Economics of Foreign Investment," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 38(149), pages 1-27, February.
  10. Kuemmerle, Walter, 1999. "Foreign direct investment in industrial research in the pharmaceutical and electronics industries--results from a survey of multinational firms," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 28(2-3), pages 179-193, March.
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