IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

New Wave Technologies: Their Emergence, Diffusion and Impact. The Case of Hydrogen Fuel Cell Technology and the Developing World


  • Mytelka, Lynn K.

    (United Nations University, Institute for New Technologies)


The application of proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell technology within the automotive industry is turning into reality what was until quite recently a utopian vision. The use of hydrogen as a fuel source is the latest advance in the so-called new wave technologies - earlier technological waves were the development of information and communication technologies (ICTs) and biotechnology. The paper sketches out the main developments that have taken place in the race among the world's largest car manufacturers to develop hydrogen fuelled cells as an alternative to conventional fuels. As with earlier technologies, however, the successful introduction of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles raises the specter of an even broader technological divide between North and South. The paper argues that developing countries need to start positioning themselves now to 'catch up' with these developments by investing in research, training and the building of strategic alliances and knowledge networks

Suggested Citation

  • Mytelka, Lynn K., 2003. "New Wave Technologies: Their Emergence, Diffusion and Impact. The Case of Hydrogen Fuel Cell Technology and the Developing World," UNU-INTECH Discussion Paper Series 2003-03, United Nations University - INTECH.
  • Handle: RePEc:unm:unuint:200303

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Michel Delapierre & Lynn K. Mytelka, 2003. "Cascades d'innovations et nouvelles stratégies oligopolistiques," Revue d'Économie Industrielle, Programme National Persée, vol. 103(1), pages 233-252.
    2. Best, Michael, 2001. "The New Competitive Advantage: The Renewal of American Industry," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198297451.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Antje Klitkou & Stian Nygaard & Martin Meyer, 2007. "Tracking techno-science networks: A case study of fuel cells and related hydrogen technology R&D in Norway," Scientometrics, Springer;Akadémiai Kiadó, vol. 70(2), pages 491-518, February.
    2. Manuel Baumann & Nuno Boavida & Maria João Maia & Patrick Lichtner & António Brandão Moniz, 2012. "Renewable Energy Systems: the theme for the PACITA summer school on TA, Liège, Belgium, 25 28 June 2012," Enterprise and Work Innovation Studies, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, IET/CICS.NOVA-Interdisciplinary Centre on Social Sciences, Faculty of Science and Technology, vol. 8(8), pages 95-101, November.

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.
    1. John Bradley, 2008. "National and Regional Development Policy: Comparing Ireland and Poland," Gospodarka Narodowa. The Polish Journal of Economics, Warsaw School of Economics, issue 1-2, pages 1-15.
    2. Ozawa, Terutomo, 2003. "Pax Americana-led macro-clustering and flying-geese-style catch-up in East Asia: mechanisms of regionalized endogenous growth," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 13(6), pages 699-713, January.
    3. D’Ippolito, Beatrice & Miozzo, Marcela & Consoli, Davide, 2014. "Knowledge systematisation, reconfiguration and the organisation of firms and industry: The case of design," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 43(8), pages 1334-1352.
    4. Anna Lejpras & Andreas Stephan, 2011. "Locational conditions, cooperation, and innovativeness: evidence from research and company spin-offs," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 46(3), pages 543-575, June.
    5. Rajah Rasiah, 2011. "The Role of Institutions and Linkages in Learning and Innovation," Institutions and Economies (formerly known as International Journal of Institutions and Economies), Faculty of Economics and Administration, University of Malaya, vol. 3(2), pages 165-172, July.
    6. Majella Giblin & Paul Ryan, 2012. "Tight Clusters or Loose Networks? The Critical Role of Inward Foreign Direct Investment in Cluster Creation," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 46(2), pages 245-258, April.
    7. Keith Cowling & Philip Tomlinson, 2002. "Revisiting the Roots of Japan's Economic Stagnation: The role of the Japanese corporation," International Review of Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 16(4), pages 373-390.
    8. Lynn K. Mytelka, 2006. "Divides and rules: the impact of new wave technologies on learning and innovation in the South," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 18(6), pages 861-876.
    9. Sanjaya Lall & Manuel Albaladejo & Jinkang Zhang, 2004. "Mapping fragmentation: Electronics and automobiles in East Asia and Latin America," Oxford Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 32(3), pages 407-432.
    10. Jürgens, Ulrich, 2003. "Characteristics of the European automotive system: Is there a distinctive European approach?," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Knowledge, Production Systems and Work SP III 2003-301, WZB Berlin Social Science Center.
    11. Colm O’gorman & Mika Kautonen, 2004. "Policies to promote new knowledge-intensive industrial agglomerations," Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 16(6), pages 459-479, November.
    12. John F. Wilson & Andrew Popp, 2003. "Business networking in the industrial revolution: some comments," Economic History Review, Economic History Society, vol. 56(2), pages 355-361, May.
    13. Arne Isaksen & James Karlsen, 2011. "Organisational Learning, Supportive Innovation Systems and Implications for Policy Formulation," Journal of the Knowledge Economy, Springer;Portland International Center for Management of Engineering and Technology (PICMET), vol. 2(4), pages 453-462, December.
    14. Maryann Feldman & Frederick Guy & Simona Iammarino, 2021. "Regional income disparities, monopoly and finance," Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society, Cambridge Political Economy Society, vol. 14(1), pages 25-49.
    15. Best, Michael H., 2019. "Industrial innovation and productive structures: The creation of America’s ‘Arsenal of democracy’," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 32-41.
    16. Jürgens, Ulrich, 2004. "Gibt es einen europaspezifischen Entwicklungsweg in der Automobilindustrie?," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Knowledge, Production Systems and Work SP III 2004-301, WZB Berlin Social Science Center.
    17. Marina van Geenhuizen & Peter Nijkamp, 2011. "Knowledge Virtualization and Local Connectedness among Smart High-tech Companies," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 11-119/3, Tinbergen Institute.
    18. Arne Isaksen & James Karlsen, 2009. "Different Modes of Innovation and the Challenge of Connecting Universities and Industry: Case Studies of Two Regional Industries in Norway," European Planning Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 18(12), pages 1993-2008, October.
    19. Anna Lejpras, 2014. "How innovative are spin-offs at later stages of development? Comparing innovativeness of established research spin-offs and otherwise created firms," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 43(2), pages 327-351, August.
    20. Erind Hoti & Gentian Hoxhalli, 2015. "Designinig collaborative processes among SMEs. An overview of inhibiting and motivational factors," Proceedings of International Academic Conferences 2805364, International Institute of Social and Economic Sciences.

    More about this item


    Hydrogen Fuel; Innovations; Technology Transfer; Car Industry; Developing Countries;
    All these keywords.

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:


    This item is featured on the following reading lists, Wikipedia, or ReplicationWiki pages:
    1. Studies on the automobile industry


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:unm:unuint:200303. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: . General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a bibliographic reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: Ad Notten (email available below). General contact details of provider: .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.