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Cascades d'innovations et nouvelles stratégies oligopolistiques

  • Michel Delapierre
  • Lynn K. Mytelka

[fre] Le présent article vise à l'analyse des nouvelles modalités de la concurrence oligopolistique dans le cadre de la globalisation. L'évolution des industries résulte de combinatoires de deux grands axes d'organisation : les formes de la concurrence oligopolistique de type traditionnel, fondées sur la recherche de la taille et la gestion des stocks de connaissances, et les nouvelles modalités de la concurrence oligopolistique, fondées sur la formation de réseaux de firmes pour produire de nouvelles connaissances et maîtriser l'évolution des trajectoires technologiques. L'article s'appuie sur l'étude de l'évolution de l'industrie de l'audiovisuel digital, qui a vu l'industrie japonaise supplanter les constructeurs américains. Les stratégies caractéristiques de ces deux types d'oligopole ne sont pas des substituts mais peuvent coexister, entrer en concurrence ou se combiner dans les phases d'innovations successives différenciées et en concurrence que nous appelons cascades. Les cascades sont des flux d'innovations qui ne constituent pas une suite linéaire d'avancées, mais procèdent plutôt par ruptures, par emprunts et importations de connaissances et de compétences d'origines diversifiées. [eng] The present article examines the emergence of new forms of oligopolistic market competition in the context of a globalized world economy. It proposes that this process be analyzed in terms of two broad categories : traditional oligopolies in which individual firms use size and stocks of knowledge embodied in patents and licenses to structure existing markets and new knowledge based networked oligopolies in which interfirm alliances serve to shape technological trajectories and hence opportunities in markets overtime. The article builds its argument on the basis of an analysis of the development ofthe digital audiovisual equipment industry. It points to a cascading process of innovation in which advances are structured in a non-linear fashion using both forms of oligopoly, sequentially as well as in combination and spells out the conditions under which each strategy is pursued.

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Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue d'économie industrielle.

Volume (Year): 103 (2003)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 233-252

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Handle: RePEc:prs:recind:rei_0154-3229_2003_num_103_1_3120
Note: DOI:10.3406/rei.2003.3120
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