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Smoothed Estimating Equations for Instrumental Variables Quantile Regression

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Abstract

The moment conditions or estimating equations for instrumental variables quantile regression involves the discontinuous indicator function. We instead use smoothed estimating equations, with bandwidth h. This is known to allow higher-order expansions that justify bootstrap refinements for inference. Computation of the estimator also becomes simpler and more reliable, especially with (more) endogenous regressors. We show that the mean squared error of the vector of estimating equations is minimized for some h > 0, which also reduces the mean squared error of the parameter estimators. The same h also minimizes higher-order type I error for a χ2 test, leading to improved size-adjusted power. Our plug-in bandwidth consistently reproduces all of these properties in simulations.

Suggested Citation

  • David M. Kaplan & Yixiao Sun, 2013. "Smoothed Estimating Equations for Instrumental Variables Quantile Regression," Working Papers 1314, Department of Economics, University of Missouri.
  • Handle: RePEc:umc:wpaper:1314 Note: Length: 34 pgs.
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    File URL: https://economics.missouri.edu/working-papers/2013/wp1314_kaplan.pdf
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    1. Xiaohong Chen & Demian Pouzo, 2008. "Estimation of Nonparametric Conditional Moment Models With Possibly Nonsmooth Generalized Residuals," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 1650R, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University, revised Jul 2009.
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    3. Newey, Whitney K. & Powell, James L., 1990. "Efficient Estimation of Linear and Type I Censored Regression Models Under Conditional Quantile Restrictions," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 6(03), pages 295-317, September.
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    5. Cattaneo, Matias D. & Crump, Richard K. & Jansson, Michael, 2012. "Optimal inference for instrumental variables regression with non-Gaussian errors," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 167(1), pages 1-15.
    6. Whitney K. Newey, 2004. "Efficient Semiparametric Estimation via Moment Restrictions," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 72(6), pages 1877-1897, November.
    7. Whang, Yoon-Jae, 2006. "Smoothed Empirical Likelihood Methods For Quantile Regression Models," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 22(02), pages 173-205, April.
    8. Chernozhukov, Victor & Hansen, Christian & Jansson, Michael, 2009. "Finite sample inference for quantile regression models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 152(2), pages 93-103, October.
    9. Xiaohong Chen & Demian Pouzo, 2009. "Efficient estimation of semiparametric conditional moment models with possibly nonsmooth residuals," CeMMAP working papers CWP20/09, Centre for Microdata Methods and Practice, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
    10. Phillips, Peter C B & Park, Joon Y, 1988. "On the Formulation of Wald Tests of Nonlinear Restrictions," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 56(5), pages 1065-1083, September.
    11. Horowitz, Joel L., 2002. "Bootstrap critical values for tests based on the smoothed maximum score estimator," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 111(2), pages 141-167, December.
    12. Xiaohong Chen & Demian Pouzo, 2008. "Efficient Estimation of Semiparametric Conditional Moment Models with Possibly Nonsmooth Residuals," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 1640R, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University, revised Jul 2009.
    13. Otsu, Taisuke, 2008. "Conditional empirical likelihood estimation and inference for quantile regression models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 142(1), pages 508-538, January.
    14. Xiaohong Chen & Demian Pouzo, 2012. "Estimation of Nonparametric Conditional Moment Models With Possibly Nonsmooth Generalized Residuals," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 80(1), pages 277-321, January.
    15. Chernozhukov, Victor & Hansen, Christian, 2006. "Instrumental quantile regression inference for structural and treatment effect models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 132(2), pages 491-525, June.
    16. Chen, Xiaohong & Pouzo, Demian, 2009. "Efficient estimation of semiparametric conditional moment models with possibly nonsmooth residuals," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 152(1), pages 46-60, September.
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    Cited by:

    1. Luciano de Castro & Antonio F. Galvao & David M. Kaplan, 2017. "Smoothed instrumental variables quantile regression, with estimation of quantile Euler equations," Working Papers 1710, Department of Economics, University of Missouri.
    2. Anthony A. Smith, Jr. & Michael Keane, 2004. "Generalized Indirect Inference for Discrete Choice Models," Econometric Society 2004 North American Winter Meetings 512, Econometric Society.
    3. Armstrong, Christopher S. & Blouin, Jennifer L. & Jagolinzer, Alan D. & Larcker, David F., 2015. "Corporate governance, incentives, and tax avoidance," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 60(1), pages 1-17.
    4. Fernandes, Marcelo & Guerre, Emmanuel & Horta, Eduardo, 2017. "Smoothing quantile regressions," Textos para discussão 457, FGV/EESP - Escola de Economia de São Paulo, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil).
    5. Su, Liangjun & Hoshino, Tadao, 2016. "Sieve instrumental variable quantile regression estimation of functional coefficient models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 191(1), pages 231-254.
    6. Kaspar Wüthrich, 2015. "Semiparametric estimation of quantile treatment effects with endogeneity," Diskussionsschriften dp1509, Universitaet Bern, Departement Volkswirtschaft.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    bandwidth choice; higher-order properties; instrumental variables; quantile regression; smoothing;

    JEL classification:

    • C01 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - General - - - Econometrics
    • C12 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Hypothesis Testing: General
    • C13 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Estimation: General
    • C21 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models
    • C26 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Instrumental Variables (IV) Estimation

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