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Seguridad social y competencia política


  • Alvaro Forteza

    () (Departmento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de la República)


In Uruguay, like in other countries in Latin America, the management of the public social security programs has been frequently criticized. These programs have shown financial problems and high evasion and have been slow to adjust to the demographic changes. I argue in this paper that the poor management, the evasion and the inability to adapt to changing conditions were determined to a large extent by the old rules of the game. The public social security programs were administered with large degrees of discretion, both in terms of granting benefits and monitoring the contributions. I hypothesize that the whole society supported the discretionary social policy, because of the flexibility associated to this policy regime. The discretionary social policy was accepted as a substitute for the formal Welfare State that could not be organized. I also argue that the social security reform initiated in 1995 involved an institutional change that reduces the room for discretion in the system and put a halt to clientelism.

Suggested Citation

  • Alvaro Forteza, 2003. "Seguridad social y competencia política," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 0403, Department of Economics - dECON.
  • Handle: RePEc:ude:wpaper:0403

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Peter Diamond, 1998. "The Economics of Social Security Reform," NBER Working Papers 6719, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Alvaro Forteza, 2001. "Electoral competition and the unfunding of public pension programs," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 0101, Department of Economics - dECON.
    3. Richard Disney, 1996. "Can We Afford to Grow Older?," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 026204157x.
    4. Herrendorf, Berthold, 1999. "Transparency, reputation, and credibility under floating and pegged exchange rates," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 49(1), pages 31-50, October.
    5. Faust, Jon & Svensson, Lars E O, 2001. "Transparency and Credibility: Monetary Policy with Unobservable Goals," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 42(2), pages 369-397, May.
    6. Olivia S. Mitchell & Flavio Ataliba Barreto, 1997. "After Chile, What? Second-Round Pension Reforms in Latin America," NBER Working Papers 6316, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Alvaro Forteza, 1998. "Los efectos fiscales de la Reforma de la Seguridad Social uruguaya," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 0898, Department of Economics - dECON.
    8. Alesina, Alberto & Tabellini, Guido, 1988. "Credibility and politics," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 32(2-3), pages 542-550, March.
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    Cited by:

    1. Ignacio Álvarez & Natalia da Silva & Álvaro Forteza & Ianina Rossi, 2012. "Incentivos y patrones de retiro en Uruguay," Estudios Económicos, El Colegio de México, Centro de Estudios Económicos, vol. 27(2), pages 219-271.
    2. Mario Bergara & Andrés Pereyra & Juan Andrés Moraes & Daniel Chasquetti & Daniel Buquet & Adolfo Garcé & Rubén Tansini, 2006. "Instituciones políticas, procesos de diseño de políticas y resultados de las políticas en Uruguay," Research Department Publications 3201, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
    3. Marisa Bucheli & Rodrigo Ceni, 2010. "Informality Sectoral Selection and Earnings in Uruguay," Estudios Económicos, El Colegio de México, Centro de Estudios Económicos, vol. 25(2), pages 281-307.
    4. Álvaro Forteza, 2007. "Efectos Distributivos de la Reforma de la Seguridad Social. El Caso Uruguayo," Latin American Journal of Economics-formerly Cuadernos de Economía, Instituto de Economía. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile., vol. 44(129), pages 31-58.
    5. Mario Bergara & Andrés Pereyra & Ruben Tansini & Adolfo Garcé & Daniel Chasquetti & Daniel Buquet & Juan Andrés Moraes, 2005. "Political Institutions, Policymaking Processes and Policy Outcomes: The Case of Uruguay," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 1805, Department of Economics - dECON.
    6. Mario Bergara & Andrés Pereyra & Juan Andrés Moraes & Daniel Chasquetti & Daniel Buquet & Adolfo Garcé & Rubén Tansini, 2006. "Political Institutions, Policymaking Processes, and Policy Outcomes: The Case of Uruguay," Research Department Publications 3200, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
    7. Alvaro Forteza & Irene Mussio, 2012. "Assessing Redistribution in the Uruguayan Social Security System," Journal of Income Distribution, Ad libros publications inc., vol. 21(1), pages 65-87, March.
    8. Alvaro Forteza, 2004. "Uruguay, Options for Pensions Reform," Public Economics 0406002, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    9. Anna Caristo & Alvaro Forteza, 2003. "El déficit del Banco de Previsión Social y su impacto en las finanzas del gobierno uruguayo," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 0703, Department of Economics - dECON.
    10. Alvaro Forteza, 2004. "Uruguay, Pensions and Fiscal Sustainability," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 0204, Department of Economics - dECON.

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