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Assessing Redistribution in the Uruguayan Social Security System

  • Alvaro Forteza


    (Universidad de la República)

  • Irene Mussio


    (Universidad de la República)

We assess redistribution in the main Uruguayan pension and unemployment insurance programs on a lifetime basis. Using administrative records from Social Security, we simulate lifetime declared labor income and flows of contributions and benefits to affiliates to the programs. Expected present values of income and net flows are also computed. Equipped with these estimations, we construct standard measures of distribution and redistribution of lifetime labor income through the Social Security system. Our findings suggest that these programs reduce income inequality. In particular, Social Security reduces the Gini coefficient of expected lifetime formal labor income by almost 2 percentage points.

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Article provided by Journal of Income Distribution in its journal Journal of Income Distribution.

Volume (Year): 21 (2012)
Issue (Month): 1 (March)
Pages: 65-87

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Handle: RePEc:jid:journl:y:2012:v:21:i:1:p:65-87
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  1. Peracchi, Franco & Jiménez-Martín, Sergi & Boldrin, Michele, 1997. "Social security and retirement in Spain," UC3M Working papers. Economics 6043, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Departamento de Economía.
  2. Alvaro Forteza, 2004. "Efectos distributivos de la reforma de la Seguridad Social, el caso Uruguayo," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 0104, Department of Economics - dECON.
  3. Ferrer, Ana M. & Riddell, W. Craig, 2009. "Unemployment insurance savings accounts in Latin America : overview and assessment," Social Protection and Labor Policy and Technical Notes 49173, The World Bank.
  4. Sergi Jiménez-Martín & Alfonso R. Sánchez Martín, 2007. "An evaluation of the life cycle effects of minimum pensions on retirement behavior," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 22(5), pages 923-950.
  5. Gustman, Alan L. & Steinmeier, Thomas L., 2001. "How effective is redistribution under the social security benefit formula?," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 82(1), pages 1-28, October.
  6. Philippe Michel & Pierre Pestieau, 2013. "Social Security And Early Retirement In An Overlapping-Generations Growth Model," Annals of Economics and Finance, Society for AEF, vol. 14(2), pages 723-737, November.
  7. Forteza, Alvaro & Ourens, Guzmán, 2012. "Redistribution, insurance and incentives to work in Latin-American pension programs," Journal of Pension Economics and Finance, Cambridge University Press, vol. 11(03), pages 337-364, July.
  8. Rafael Rofman & Leonardo Lucchetti & Guzmán Ourens, 2010. "Pension Systems in Latin America: Concepts and Measurements of Coverage," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 0510, Department of Economics - dECON.
  9. Bucheli, Marisa & Forteza, Alvaro & Rossi, Ianina, 2010. "Work histories and the access to contributory pensions: the case of Uruguay," Journal of Pension Economics and Finance, Cambridge University Press, vol. 9(03), pages 369-391, July.
  10. Alvaro Forteza, 2011. "Assessing Redistribution within Social Insurance Systems.The cases of Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Mexico and Uruguay," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 1311, Department of Economics - dECON.
  11. Alvaro Forteza & Ignacio Apella & Eduardo Fajnzylber & Carlos Grushka & Ianina Rossi & Graciela Sanroman, 2009. "Work Histories and Pension Entitlements in Argentina, Chile and Uruguay," Working Papers 32, Superintendencia de Pensiones, revised Sep 2009.
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  13. Didier Blanchet & Louis-Paul Pele, 1999. "Social Security and Retirement in France," NBER Chapters, in: Social Security and Retirement around the World, pages 101-133 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  14. Alvaro Forteza & Ianina Rossi, 2006. "The contribution of government transfer programs to inequality.A net-benefit approach," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 0606, Department of Economics - dECON.
  15. Sutherland, Holly, 2001. "EUROMOD: an integrated European benefit-tax model: final report," EUROMOD Working Papers EM9/01, EUROMOD at the Institute for Social and Economic Research.
  16. Ann Huff Stevens, 1995. "Climbing Out of Poverty, Falling Back In: Measuring the Persistence of Poverty over Multiple Spells," NBER Working Papers 5390, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  17. Francisco Pino & Solange Berstein & Guillermo Larraín, 2006. "Chilean Pension Reform: Coverage Facts and Policy Alternatives," ECONOMIA JOURNAL OF THE LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN ECONOMIC ASSOCIATION, ECONOMIA JOURNAL OF THE LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN ECONOMIC ASSOCIATION, vol. 0(Spring 20), pages 227-279, January.
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