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Determinantes Socioeconómicos de la Criminalidad en Chile durante los Noventa

  • José Miguel Benavente
  • Emerson Melo

Este trabajo entrega contundente evidencia de que la criminalidad en Chile presenta una alta persistencia. No obstante lo anterior, existe un conjunto de variables socio económicas que explican la evolución de la mayoría de los crímenes de connotación pública en Chile durante la década de los noventa. Los resultados muestran que la tasa de desempleo está positivamente correlacionada con el nivel de crimen como así también el nivel de ingreso de las personas. Por otra parte, la tasa de escolaridad está negativamente asociada al nivel de crímenes exceptuando el caso de las denuncias por drogas. Los resultados encontrados muestran que las variables mencionadas tienen un impacto mayor en las denuncias en drogas aunque con el signo opuesto respecto a los demás tipos de crímenes.

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File URL: http://www.econ.uchile.cl/uploads/publicacion/b3d61496-7760-4da1-9eee-72109d6b69aa.pdf
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Paper provided by University of Chile, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number wp223.

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Date of creation: Oct 2006
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Handle: RePEc:udc:wpaper:wp223
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.econ.uchile.cl/

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  1. Ehrlich, Isaac, 1973. "Participation in Illegitimate Activities: A Theoretical and Empirical Investigation," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 81(3), pages 521-65, May-June.
  2. Gary S. Becker, 1968. "Crime and Punishment: An Economic Approach," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 76, pages 169.
  3. Fajnzylber, Pablo & Lederman, Daniel & Loayza, Norman, 2002. "What causes violent crime?," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 46(7), pages 1323-1357, July.
  4. Richard Blundell & Stephen Bond, 2000. "GMM Estimation with persistent panel data: an application to production functions," Econometric Reviews, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 19(3), pages 321-340.
  5. José Miguel Benavente & Dante Contreras & Emerson Melo & Rodrigo Montero, 2002. "Programas antidelincuencia: Evaluando Comuna Segura," Working Papers wp201, University of Chile, Department of Economics.
  6. Frank Windmeijer, 2000. "A finite sample correction for the variance of linear two-step GMM estimators," IFS Working Papers W00/19, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
  7. Arellano, Manuel & Bover, Olympia, 1995. "Another look at the instrumental variable estimation of error-components models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 68(1), pages 29-51, July.
  8. Fajnzylber, Pablo & Lederman, Daniel & Loayza, Norman, 2002. "Inequality and Violent Crime," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 45(1), pages 1-40, April.
  9. Ahn, Seung C. & Schmidt, Peter, 1995. "Efficient estimation of models for dynamic panel data," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 68(1), pages 5-27, July.
  10. Fleisher, Belton M, 1970. "The Effect of Income on Delinquency: Reply," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 60(1), pages 257, March.
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