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Determinantes Socioeconómicos de la Criminalidad en Chile durante los Noventa

Author

Listed:
  • José Miguel Benavente
  • Emerson Melo

Abstract

Este trabajo entrega contundente evidencia de que la criminalidad en Chile presenta una alta persistencia. No obstante lo anterior, existe un conjunto de variables socio económicas que explican la evolución de la mayoría de los crímenes de connotación pública en Chile durante la década de los noventa. Los resultados muestran que la tasa de desempleo está positivamente correlacionada con el nivel de crimen como así también el nivel de ingreso de las personas. Por otra parte, la tasa de escolaridad está negativamente asociada al nivel de crímenes exceptuando el caso de las denuncias por drogas. Los resultados encontrados muestran que las variables mencionadas tienen un impacto mayor en las denuncias en drogas aunque con el signo opuesto respecto a los demás tipos de crímenes.

Suggested Citation

  • José Miguel Benavente & Emerson Melo, 2006. "Determinantes Socioeconómicos de la Criminalidad en Chile durante los Noventa," Working Papers wp223, University of Chile, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:udc:wpaper:wp223
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    File URL: http://www.econ.uchile.cl/uploads/publicacion/b3d61496-7760-4da1-9eee-72109d6b69aa.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Arellano, Manuel & Bover, Olympia, 1995. "Another look at the instrumental variable estimation of error-components models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 68(1), pages 29-51, July.
    2. Gary S. Becker, 1974. "Crime and Punishment: An Economic Approach," NBER Chapters,in: Essays in the Economics of Crime and Punishment, pages 1-54 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Richard Blundell & Stephen Bond, 2000. "GMM Estimation with persistent panel data: an application to production functions," Econometric Reviews, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 19(3), pages 321-340.
    4. Fajnzylber, Pablo & Lederman, Daniel & Loayza, Norman, 2002. "What causes violent crime?," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 46(7), pages 1323-1357, July.
    5. Fajnzylber, Pablo & Lederman, Daniel & Loayza, Norman, 2002. "Inequality and Violent Crime," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 45(1), pages 1-40, April.
    6. José Miguel Benavente & Dante Contreras & Emerson Melo & Rodrigo Montero, 2002. "Programas antidelincuencia: Evaluando Comuna Segura," Working Papers wp201, University of Chile, Department of Economics.
    7. Ahn, Seung C. & Schmidt, Peter, 1995. "Efficient estimation of models for dynamic panel data," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 68(1), pages 5-27, July.
    8. Frank Windmeijer, 2000. "A finite sample correction for the variance of linear two-step GMM estimators," IFS Working Papers W00/19, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
    9. Fleisher, Belton M, 1970. "The Effect of Income on Delinquency: Reply," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 60(1), pages 257-257, March.
    10. Ehrlich, Isaac, 1973. "Participation in Illegitimate Activities: A Theoretical and Empirical Investigation," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 81(3), pages 521-565, May-June.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Inder J. Ruprah, 2008. "An Impact Evaluation of a Neighbourhood Crime Prevention Program: Does Safer Commune Make Chileans Safer?," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 3002, Inter-American Development Bank.
    2. Berthelon, Matias E. & Kruger, Diana I., 2011. "Risky behavior among youth: Incapacitation effects of school on adolescent motherhood and crime in Chile," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 95(1), pages 41-53.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Delincuencia; Paneles Dinámicos.;

    JEL classification:

    • J18 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Public Policy
    • K14 - Law and Economics - - Basic Areas of Law - - - Criminal Law
    • K42 - Law and Economics - - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior - - - Illegal Behavior and the Enforcement of Law

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