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Determinantes socioeconómicos y demográficos del crimen en Chile

  • Javier Núñez
  • Jorge Rivera
  • Xavier Villavicencio
  • Oscar Molina

    ()

Este trabajo, pionero en nuestro país, analiza los determinantes de la criminalidad en Chile a nivel regional por medio de la estimación de un panel estático para las trece regiones geográficas entre 1988 y 2000. Basándose en el modelo teórico tradicional de Becker-Ehrlich, este estudio plantea un modelo empírico que incluye diversas variables asociadas a los incentivos para delinquir tales como: medidas de los ingresos en actividades legales (laborales) e ilegales (delincuencia), las oportunidades de ingreso legal representadas por medio de la tasa de desempleo regional y medidas de la efectividad del sistema policial a nivel regional, por medio de la razón de capturas realizadas sobre delitos denunciados. Adicionalmente, el modelo incluye características demográficas y socioeconómicas que presumiblemente están asociadas al nivel de criminalidad: la composición etaria, de género y la composición urbano-rural de la población regional, el nivel de escolaridad y analfabetismo e índices de pobreza y de

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Article provided by University of Chile, Department of Economics in its journal Estudios de Economia.

Volume (Year): 30 (2003)
Issue (Month): 1 Year 2003 (June)
Pages: 55-85

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Handle: RePEc:udc:esteco:v:30:y:2003:i:1:p:55-85
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  1. Levitt, Steven D, 1996. "The Effect of Prison Population Size on Crime Rates: Evidence from Prison Overcrowding Litigation," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 111(2), pages 319-51, May.
  2. Isaac Ehrlich, 1975. "On the Relation between Education and Crime," NBER Chapters, in: Education, Income, and Human Behavior, pages 313-338 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Sah, R.K., 1990. "Social Osmosis And Patterns Of Crime: A Dynamic Economic Analysis," Papers 609, Yale - Economic Growth Center.
  4. Steven D. Levitt, 1997. "Juvenile Crime and Punishment," NBER Working Papers 6191, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Gary S. Becker, 1968. "Crime and Punishment: An Economic Approach," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 76, pages 169.
  6. José Miguel Benavente & Dante Contreras & Emerson Melo & Rodrigo Montero, 2002. "Programas antidelincuencia: Evaluando Comuna Segura," Working Papers wp201, University of Chile, Department of Economics.
  7. Entorf, Horst & Spengler, Hannes, 2000. "Socioeconomic and demographic factors of crime in Germany: Evidence from panel data of the German states," International Review of Law and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 20(1), pages 75-106, March.
  8. Steven D. Levitt, 1995. "Using Electoral Cycles in Police Hiring to Estimate the Effect of Policeon Crime," NBER Working Papers 4991, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  9. Grogger, Jeffrey, 1995. "The Effect of Arrests on the Employment and Earnings of Young Men," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 110(1), pages 51-71, February.
  10. Withers, Glenn, 1984. "Crime, Punishment and Deterrence in Australia: An Empirical Investigation," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 60(169), pages 176-85, June.
  11. Ehrlich, Isaac, 1973. "Participation in Illegitimate Activities: A Theoretical and Empirical Investigation," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 81(3), pages 521-65, May-June.
  12. Fleisher, Belton M, 1970. "The Effect of Income on Delinquency: Reply," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 60(1), pages 257, March.
  13. William J. Furlong & Stephen L. Mehay, 1981. "Urban Law Enforcement in Canada: An Empirical Analysis," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 14(1), pages 44-57, February.
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