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Determinantes socioeconómicos y demográficos del crimen en Chile

Author

Listed:
  • Javier Núñez
  • Jorge Rivera
  • Xavier Villavicencio
  • Oscar Molina

Abstract

Este trabajo, pionero en nuestro país, analiza los determinantes de la criminalidad en Chile a nivel regional por medio de la estimación de un panel estático para las trece regiones geográficas entre 1988 y 2000. Basándose en el modelo teórico tradicional de Becker-Ehrlich, este estudio plantea un modelo empírico que incluye diversas variables asociadas a los incentivos para delinquir tales como: medidas de los ingresos en actividades legales (laborales) e ilegales (delincuencia), las oportunidades de ingreso legal representadas por medio de la tasa de desempleo regional y medidas de la efectividad del sistema policial a nivel regional, por medio de la razón de capturas realizadas sobre delitos denunciados. Adicionalmente, el modelo incluye características demográficas y socioeconómicas que presumiblemente están asociadas al nivel de criminalidad: la composición etaria, de género y la composición urbano-rural de la población regional, el nivel de escolaridad y analfabetismo e índices de pobreza y de

Suggested Citation

  • Javier Núñez & Jorge Rivera & Xavier Villavicencio & Oscar Molina, 2003. "Determinantes socioeconómicos y demográficos del crimen en Chile," Estudios de Economia, University of Chile, Department of Economics, vol. 30(1 Year 20), pages 55-85, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:udc:esteco:v:30:y:2003:i:1:p:55-85
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Rodrigo Vergara., 2009. "Crime Prevention Programs: Evidence for a Developing Country," Documentos de Trabajo 362, Instituto de Economia. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile..
    2. José Miguel Benavente & Dante Contreras & Emerson Melo & Emerson Melo, 2010. "Anti-Crime Programs: An Evaluation (and recognition) of the Plan Comuna Segura," Working Papers 1, Facultad de Economía y Empresa, Universidad Diego Portales.
    3. Ignacio Munyo, 2015. "The Juvenile Crime Dilemma," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 18(2), pages 201-211, April.
    4. Berthelon, Matias E. & Kruger, Diana I., 2011. "Risky behavior among youth: Incapacitation effects of school on adolescent motherhood and crime in Chile," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 95(1), pages 41-53.
    5. Lozano-Cortés, René & Lozano-Cortés, Maribel & Cabrera-Castellanos, Luis F., 2016. "Determinantes socioeconómicos del crimen en México [The Socioeconomic Determinants of Crime: The case of Mexico]," MPRA Paper 68922, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. Jose Miguel Benavente & Dante Contreras & Rodrigo Montero, 2011. "Anti-Crime Programs: An Evaluation of the Comuna Segura Program," Estudios de Economia, University of Chile, Department of Economics, vol. 38(2 Year 20), pages 369-392, December.
    7. Alejandro Mancera, 2008. "Factores socioeconómicos y demográficos de distintas categorías de delitos en Colombia. Prueba desde un panel de datos de las regiones de Colombia," Revista de Economía del Caribe 007112, Universidad del Norte.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Crimen; Disuasión; Comportamiento criminal; Determinantes del crimen.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J18 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Public Policy
    • K14 - Law and Economics - - Basic Areas of Law - - - Criminal Law
    • K42 - Law and Economics - - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior - - - Illegal Behavior and the Enforcement of Law

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