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Official Dollarization in Latin America: Could it Work?

Author

Listed:
  • Paul Hallwood

    (University of Connecticut)

  • Ian W. Marsh

    (City University Business School)

  • Jorg Scheibe

    (University of Oxford)

Abstract

We investigate the case for official dollarization in a selection of Latin American countries. We argue that the monetary shock absorbers of base control, foreign exchange reserve sterilization and exchange rate policy should be retained the more volatile is a country's actual real exchange rate. Our investigation of the asymmetry of macroeconomic shocks between the USA and Latin America suggests that the time series property of the real exchange rate is likely to be one of such volatility that it is advisable to retain at least some monetary shock absorbers. The case for official dollarization is further weakened by the unlikelihood of international agreements to accommodate Federal Reserve management of the dollar base to Latin American requirements.

Suggested Citation

  • Paul Hallwood & Ian W. Marsh & Jorg Scheibe, 2001. "Official Dollarization in Latin America: Could it Work?," Working papers 2001-06, University of Connecticut, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:uct:uconnp:2001-06
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    File URL: http://web2.uconn.edu/economics/working/2001-06.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Blanchard, Olivier Jean & Quah, Danny, 1989. "The Dynamic Effects of Aggregate Demand and Supply Disturbances," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 79(4), pages 655-673, September.
    2. Guillermo A. Calvo & Leonardo Leiderman & Carmen M. Reinhart, 1993. "Capital Inflows and Real Exchange Rate Appreciation in Latin America: The Role of External Factors," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 40(1), pages 108-151, March.
    3. Francois R. Velde & Marcelo Veracierto, 2000. "Dollarization in Argentina," Economic Perspectives, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, issue Q I, pages 24-37.
    4. David E. Altig & Owen F. Humpage, 1999. "Dollarization and monetary sovereignty: the case of Argentina," Economic Commentary, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, issue Sep.
    5. Tamim Bayoumi, 1992. "The Effect of the ERM on Participating Economies," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 39(2), pages 330-356, June.
    6. Paul Hallwood, C. & MacDonald, Ronald & Marsh, Ian W., 2000. "Realignment expectations and the US dollar, 1890-1897: Was there a 'Peso problem'?," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 46(3), pages 605-620, December.
    7. Girton, Lance & Roper, Don, 1977. "A Monetary Model of Exchange Market Pressure Applied to the Postwar Canadian Experience," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 67(4), pages 537-548, September.
    8. Mark M. Spiegel, 1999. "Dollarization in Argentina," FRBSF Economic Letter, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, issue sep24.
    9. Tamim Bayoumi & Barry Eichengreen, 1992. "Shocking Aspects of European Monetary Unification," NBER Working Papers 3949, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    10. Calvo, Guillermo A, 2001. "Capital Markets and the Exchange Rate with Special Reference to the Dollarization Debate in Latin America," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 33(2), pages 312-334, May.
    11. Stephanie Schmitt-Grohe & Martin Uribe, 2001. "Stabilization policy and the costs of dollarization," Proceedings, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, pages 482-517.
    12. anonymous, 1999. "Responding to global crises: dollarization in Latin America," EconSouth, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, issue Q2, pages 14-19.
    13. Bayoumi, Tamim & Eichengreen, Barry, 1994. "Monetary and exchange rate arrangements for NAFTA," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 43(1), pages 125-165, February.
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    Cited by:

    1. Cruz-Rodríguez, Alexis, 2005. "Ciclos Económicos Sincronizados y Uniones Monetarias en Centroamérica y la República Dominicana
      [Business Cycles Synchronisation and Monetary Union in Central American and the Dominican Republic]
      ," MPRA Paper 72104, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    dollarization; exchange rate regimes; monetary policy; Latin America.;

    JEL classification:

    • E5 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit
    • F3 - International Economics - - International Finance

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