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Child Well-being in Eastern Europe and Central Asia: A multidimensional approach

Author

Listed:
  • Leonardo Menchini
  • Luca Tiberti
  • Sheila Marnie

Abstract

After two decades of transition the countries of Central and Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States face an increasingly diverse mix of old and new policy challenges to improving child well-being and realizing children’s rights. While attempts have been made to reflect these challenges and diversities by constructing indices of child well-being which measure and rank overall performance by individual countries, this paper proposes a simplified approach which examines five different dimensions of child well-being separately, using several indicators for each dimension that allow cross-country comparison. The dimensions included in the analysis are income, health, education, housing and deprivation of parental up-bringing. The results highlight a divergence of child well-being priorities in the selected dimensions for the different countries and for different age groups of children. The analysis shows that in the 2000-2008 period the situation of children improved in absolute terms in almost all dimensions in all countries, but that government interventions still face difficulties in reaching all children, and that across the region there are increasing differences in the character of problems facing the more vulnerable sections of the child population. The discussion shows that it is difficult to rank countries according to an overall level of child well-being, since performance varies significantly according to the choice of dimension or indicator considered. An overall index cannot therefore capture the open challenges, and indeed may distract policy attention away from them.

Suggested Citation

  • Leonardo Menchini & Luca Tiberti & Sheila Marnie, 2009. "Child Well-being in Eastern Europe and Central Asia: A multidimensional approach," Papers inwopa581, Innocenti Working Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:ucf:inwopa:inwopa581
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Sanjay Reddy, 2008. "The World Bank's New Poverty Estimates:," Challenge, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 51(6), pages 105-112.
    2. Sanjay G. Reddy, 2008. "The New Global Poverty Estimates ? Digging Deeper into a Hole," One Pager 65, International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth.
    3. Sheila Marnie & Leonardo Menchini, 2007. "The Transition Generation: Young people in school and work in Central and Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States," Papers indipa07/1, Innocenti Discussion Papers.
    4. Leonardo Menchini & Sheila Marnie, 2007. "Demographic Challenges and the Implications for Children in CEE/CIS," Papers inwopa07/47, Innocenti Working Papers.
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    Cited by:

    1. Franziska Gassmann, 2011. "Protecting Vulnerable Families in Central Asia: Poverty, vulnerability and the impact of the economic crisis," Papers inwopa639, Innocenti Working Papers.
    2. Esther Cho, 2015. "Children’s Wellbeing in East and Southeast Asia: A Preliminary Comparison," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 123(1), pages 183-201, August.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    child poverty; child protection; child well-being; education; health; housing; transitional economies;

    JEL classification:

    • P3 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Institutions and Their Transitions
    • P36 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Institutions and Their Transitions - - - Consumer Economics; Health; Education and Training; Welfare, Income, Wealth, and Poverty

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