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Entrepreneurship, creative industries and regional dynamics in Spain


  • Antonio García-Tabuenca
  • José Luis Crespo-Espert
  • Juan R. Cuadrado-Roura


Depending on the country or region, the amount of entrepreneurial activity differs greatly. In order to appreciate these differences, a general supply and demand scheme has been suggested (Verkeul et al. 2001) to measure the rate of entrepreneurship of an economy in the long term. This rate can be seen to depend on the level of development (Belso, 2004), the economic growth (Audretsch et al., 2002) and the unemployment rate (Thurik and Verheul, 2002). However, the degree of competitive creativity linked to the entrepreneurial activity in its early, commencing and establishing stages, particularly from a regional perspective, is not so well known. This is calculated using various indicators based on entrepreneurial decisions derived from the timing, sector and location opportunity when starting a business (GEM, 2006), as well as others that assess the commitment to innovation in dynamic markets generating emerging products. This paper analyses entrepreneurial activity from this completely new perspective, applying this to the Spanish regions (NUTS-3), with the intention of providing some useful results for research in this area.

Suggested Citation

  • Antonio García-Tabuenca & José Luis Crespo-Espert & Juan R. Cuadrado-Roura, 2008. "Entrepreneurship, creative industries and regional dynamics in Spain," Working Papers 06/08, Instituto Universitario de Análisis Económico y Social.
  • Handle: RePEc:uae:wpaper:0608

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Peter Nijkamp, 2003. "Entrepreneurship in a Modern Network Economy," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 37(4), pages 395-405.
    2. Schmitz, James A, Jr, 1989. "Imitation, Entrepreneurship, and Long-run Growth," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 97(3), pages 721-739, June.
    3. Kanniainen, Vesa & Vesala, Timo, 2005. "Entrepreneurship and labor market institutions," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 22(5), pages 828-847, September.
    4. Stuart, Robert W. & Abetti, Pier A., 1990. "Impact of entrepreneurial and management experience on early performance," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 5(3), pages 151-162, May.
    5. Wennekers, Sander & Thurik, Roy, 1999. "Linking Entrepreneurship and Economic Growth," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 13(1), pages 27-55, August.
    6. Federico Pablo MartÌ, 2004. "Promoting the Entry of New Firms," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 22(3_4), pages 209-221, April.
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    Cited by:

    1. José Luis Crespo-Espert & Antonio García-Tabuenca & Federico Pablo-Martí, 2012. "Women, entrepreneurial activity and territory: differences or myths?," Chapters,in: Entrepreneurship, Social Capital and Governance, chapter 6, pages 115-159 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    2. Roxana Gutiérrez-Romero, 2012. "Determinants of Spanish Firms' Life Cycle and Job Creation: A Pseudo-Panel Approach," Working Papers wpdea1209, Department of Applied Economics at Universitat Autonoma of Barcelona.

    More about this item


    entrepreneurial activity; creative industry; entrepreneurial clusters; regional differences;

    JEL classification:

    • L25 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Performance
    • L26 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Entrepreneurship
    • R30 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Real Estate Markets, Spatial Production Analysis, and Firm Location - - - General


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