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Entrepreneurship in a Modern Network Economy

Listed author(s):
  • Peter Nijkamp

N IJKAMP P. (2003) Entrepreneurship in a modern network economy, Reg. Studies 37 , 395-405. In this survey paper the literature on entrepreneurship is summarized from the perspective of geographical seedbed conditions and network constellations. We argue that in many cases urban areas offer favourable incubator conditions for innovative entrepreneurship, as a result of economies of density and the opportunities created by the city as a nucleus of a broader network, both local and global. Clearly, network participation by creative entrepreneurs does not necessarily need an urban base, although informal spatial networks among specific business segments (e.g. ethnic niches) may be favourable for economic performance. We conclude that a modern entrepreneur tends to become increasingly a creative network operator and manager. N IJKAMP P. (2003) L'esprit d'entrepise dans une economie de reseau moderne, Reg. Studies 37 , 395-405. Cet article cherche a resumer la documentation sur l'esprit d'entreprise du point de vue des conditions geographiques propices aux pepinieres d'entreprise et des constellations de reseaux. On affirme que souvent les agglomerations urbaines fournissent aux pepinie res des conditions qui sont favorables a l'esprit d'entreprise innovateur a cause des economies d'agglomeration et des possibilites engendrees par la ville en tant que noyau d'un reseau encore plus grand, au niveau local ainsi que sur le plan mondial. Il est evident que la participation des entrepreneurs innovateurs dans des reseaux ne necessite pas forcement une base urbaine, quoique des reseaux geographiques informels dans des secteurs commerciaux particuliers (p.e. creneaux ethniques) puissent s'averer favorables a la performance economique. En guise de conclusion, on affirme qu'un entrepreneur moderne a tendance a devenir de plus en plus un operateur de reseau et un manager createurs. N IJKAMP P. (2003) Unternehmertum in einer modernen Netzwerkwirtschaft, Reg. Studies 37 , 395-405. In dieser Untersuchung wird die Literatur uber Unternehmertum aus der Perspektive geographischer Brutstattenbedingungen und Netzwerk-konstellationen zusammengefasst. Es wird der Standpunkt vertreten, dass in vielen Fallen Stadtgebiete gunstige Brutkastenbedingungen fur innovatives Unternehmertum bieten, die auf Wirtschaftlichkeit der Dichte und den Gelegenheiten beruhen, welche die Grossstadt als Kern eines allgemeinen, sowohl ortlichen als auch globale, Netzwerks darstellt. Es ist klar, dass fur schopferische Unternehmer Teilnahme am Netzwerk nicht unbedingt eine Stadtbasis voraussetzt, obschon informale raumliche Netzwerke in spezifischen Geschaftssparten (z.B.) ethnischen Nischen) wirtschaftliche Leistung begunstigen mogen. Es wird der Schluss gezogen, dass ein moderner Unternehmer zunehmend dahin tendiert, ein scho pferischer Netzwerkoperator und -manager zu werden.

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Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

Volume (Year): 37 (2003)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 395-405

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Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:37:y:2003:i:4:p:395-405
DOI: 10.1080/0034340032000074424
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