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Barcelona, Metropolis policentrica en red

Author

Listed:
  • Joan Trullén

    () (Departament d'Economia Aplicada, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona)

  • Rafael Boix

    (Departament d'Economia Aplicada, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona)

Abstract

La organización de la producción en el espacio se asocia con el crecimiento y el desarrollo económico. En esta investigación se propone el estudio de las relaciones entre Barcelona y los municipios de su sistema urbano desde tres niveles del análisis: el área metropolitana, la región metropolitana policéntrica, y la red de ciudades. El estudio del área metropolitana permite comprobar el cambio de extensión de la metrópolis de Barcelona, la dirección de la expansión y la creciente integración con otras áreas urbanas de Cataluña. El análisis interno del área metropolitana nos permite comprobar que a pesar del gran peso específico del municipio de Barcelona, el sistema urbano es policéntrico. El incremento en extensión de la metrópolis se debe a la expansión conjunta de la interacción con Barcelona y con un conjunto de ciudades de antigua tradición industrial. Las áreas de influencia de todos estos subcentros se entrelazan al expandirse, formado una región metropolitana policéntrica. Finalmente, la aplicación al análisis de las teorías de redes de ciudades permite identificar un sistema urbano en el que coexisten relaciones jerárquicas con no jerárquicas, y en el que se generan relaciones de complementariedad y sinergia. El análisis de las redes de ciudades en clave de economía del conocimiento permite deducir la dependencia en la transmisión de información y conocimiento tanto de las redes verticales como de las horizontales. Posteriores estudios deben encaminarse a cuantificar los efectos de la estructura urbana sobre la productividad y la utilidad.

Suggested Citation

  • Joan Trullén & Rafael Boix, 2003. "Barcelona, Metropolis policentrica en red," Working Papers wpdea0303, Department of Applied Economics at Universitat Autonoma of Barcelona.
  • Handle: RePEc:uab:wprdea:wpdea0303
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Alex Anas & Richard Arnott & Kenneth A. Small, 1998. "Urban Spatial Structure," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 36(3), pages 1426-1464, September.
    2. R Cervero & K-L Wu, 1997. "Polycentrism, commuting, and residential location in the San Francisco Bay area," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 29(5), pages 865-886, May.
    3. R Cervero & K-L Wu, 1997. "Polycentrism, Commuting, and Residential Location in the San Francisco Bay Area," Environment and Planning A, , vol. 29(5), pages 865-886, May.
    4. Giuliano, Genevieve & Small, Kenneth A., 1991. "Subcenters in the Los Angeles region," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 21(2), pages 163-182, July.
    5. Joan Trullén & Josep Lladós & Rafael Boix, 2002. "Economía del conocimiento, ciudad y competitividad," Working Papers wp0207, Department of Applied Economics at Universitat Autonoma of Barcelona.
    6. Roberto P. Camagni & Carlo Salone, 1993. "Network Urban Structures in Northern Italy: Elements for a Theoretical Framework," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 30(6), pages 1053-1064, June.
    7. John B Parr, 2002. "Agglomeration economies: ambiguities and confusions," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 34(4), pages 717-731, April.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    networks of cities; polycentrism; Barcelona;

    JEL classification:

    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)

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