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Cycle économique et comportement entrepreneurial sur données régionales françaises

  • Mathilde Aubry

    (EM Normandie, Métis Research Department)

  • Jean Bonnet

    (CREM UMR CNRS 6211, Université de Caen Basse-Normandie, UFR SEG (Sciences Economiques et Gestion), Normandie Université, France)

  • Patricia Renou-Maissant

    (CREM-UMR CNRS 6211, Université de Caen Basse-Normandie, UFR SEG (Sciences Economiques et Gestion), Normandie Université, France)

- In French: Dans cet article, nous étudions les liens existants entre les créations d'entreprises, le PIB et le taux de chômage en France à partir de données régionales sur la période 1993-2011. Les interactions sont analysées tant à court terme qu'à long terme sous une double dimension : régionale et nationale. Les fluctuations du PIB représentent un indicateur avancé des créations de nouvelles entreprises au niveau national mais cet effet disparaît au niveau régional. Les créations d'entreprises et le taux de chômage se sont révélés étroitement liés aussi bien à court terme qu'à long terme et ont permis de mettre en évidence la présence des effets refugee et Schumpeter. Dans la majorité des régions françaises l’effet refugee domine à court terme : une augmentation du taux de chômage se traduit par une augmentation du nombre des créations d’entreprises. En France les créations d’entreprises sont donc principalement impulsées par des motifs de nécessité. - In English: In this paper, we study the links between new-firm startups, growth domestic product (GDP) and unemployment rate in France using a quarterly data basis over the 1993-2011 period. Interactions are analyzed, in the short and long run, in two main dimensions: the regional and the national dimensions. Fluctuations in GDP are an early indicator of the new-firm startups at the national level but this effect disappears at the regional level. Unemployment rates and new-firm startups are closely linked and so in the short-run as well as in the long-run and show evidence of the presence of the refugee’s effect and the Schumpeter’s effect. In most of the regions, the refugee’s effect seems to be dominant: the increase of the unemployment rate leads to an increase in the entrepreneurial activity. In France new-firm startups are mainly driven by necessity motives.

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Paper provided by Center for Research in Economics and Management (CREM), University of Rennes 1, University of Caen and CNRS in its series Economics Working Paper Archive (University of Rennes 1 & University of Caen) with number 201332.

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Date of creation: Oct 2013
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Handle: RePEc:tut:cremwp:201332
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Web page: http://crem.univ-rennes1.fr/
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