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Dynamique des territoires et création d’entreprises : une analyse des départements français en 2008. Local dynamics and firms creation: an analysis of French departments in 2008

Listed author(s):
  • Nadine Levratto
  • Denis Carré
  • Messaoud Zouikri

Ce texte cherche à déterminer si et dans quelle mesure le territoire fait partie des facteurs explicatifs de la création d’entreprises. Cette possibilité est étayée par le fait que le territoire est tout d’abord support d’infrastructures, de ressources et d’organisations. Il est également le lieu de concentration d’éléments plus invisibles et d’un milieu entrepreneurial qui orientent aussi les dynamiques de création. La nouveauté de la démarche proposée réside dans la comparaison entre le pouvoir explicatif de ces différents éléments pris isolément et l’effet géographique calculé à partir de la méthode structurelle-résiduelle. La démarche est appliquée à l’étude du taux de création d’entreprises des départements français en 2008. Elle montre qu’à côté des facteurs habituels liés aux caractéristiques de la population et des structures, la dynamique intrinsèque du territoire est un facteur explicatif de la performance entrepreneuriale et que son influence varie selon l’activité des entreprises nouvellement créées.

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File URL: http://economix.fr/pdf/dt/2013/WP_EcoX_2013-18.pdf
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Paper provided by University of Paris Nanterre, EconomiX in its series EconomiX Working Papers with number 2013-18.

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Length: 28 pages
Date of creation: 2013
Handle: RePEc:drm:wpaper:2013-18
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Web page: https://economix.fr/
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