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Dynamique des territoires et création d’entreprises : une analyse des départements français en 2008. Local dynamics and firms creation: an analysis of French departments in 2008

Author

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  • Nadine Levratto
  • Denis Carré
  • Messaoud Zouikri

Abstract

Ce texte cherche à déterminer si et dans quelle mesure le territoire fait partie des facteurs explicatifs de la création d’entreprises. Cette possibilité est étayée par le fait que le territoire est tout d’abord support d’infrastructures, de ressources et d’organisations. Il est également le lieu de concentration d’éléments plus invisibles et d’un milieu entrepreneurial qui orientent aussi les dynamiques de création. La nouveauté de la démarche proposée réside dans la comparaison entre le pouvoir explicatif de ces différents éléments pris isolément et l’effet géographique calculé à partir de la méthode structurelle-résiduelle. La démarche est appliquée à l’étude du taux de création d’entreprises des départements français en 2008. Elle montre qu’à côté des facteurs habituels liés aux caractéristiques de la population et des structures, la dynamique intrinsèque du territoire est un facteur explicatif de la performance entrepreneuriale et que son influence varie selon l’activité des entreprises nouvellement créées.

Suggested Citation

  • Nadine Levratto & Denis Carré & Messaoud Zouikri, 2013. "Dynamique des territoires et création d’entreprises : une analyse des départements français en 2008. Local dynamics and firms creation: an analysis of French departments in 2008," EconomiX Working Papers 2013-18, University of Paris Nanterre, EconomiX.
  • Handle: RePEc:drm:wpaper:2013-18
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    création d’entreprises; départements; effet géographique; facteurs invisibles;

    JEL classification:

    • L26 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Entrepreneurship
    • M13 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - New Firms; Startups
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)

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