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Fiscal Policy in an Estimated Model of the European Monetary Union

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  • Aurélien Eyquem

    (CREM - CNRS)

Abstract

We explore the welfare implications of several fiscal policies in an estimated two-country New Open Economy Macroeconomics (NOEM) model of the EuropeanMonetary Union (EMU). The model features incomplete financial markets and home bias in final consumption baskets. We define the optimal monetary and fiscal policy and contrast the (small) contribution of financial markets incompleteness to welfare losses. We also investigate the welfare implications of simple public spending rules. We find (i) that welfare maximizing public spending rules imply significant welfare losses with respect to the optimal policy - equivalent to an average 7.3% drop in permanent consumption and (ii) that estimated public spending rules imply low welfare losses with respect to welfare maximizing rules - equivalent to an average 1% drop in permanent consumption. In our framework, these losses can be reduced by either promoting a deeper trade integration in the EMU, or by increasing the number of available fiscal instruments.

Suggested Citation

  • Aurélien Eyquem, 2007. "Fiscal Policy in an Estimated Model of the European Monetary Union," Economics Working Paper Archive (University of Rennes 1 & University of Caen) 200705, Center for Research in Economics and Management (CREM), University of Rennes 1, University of Caen and CNRS.
  • Handle: RePEc:tut:cremwp:200705
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    File URL: https://crem-doc.univ-rennes1.fr/wp/2007/200705.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Stéphane Auray & Aurélien Eyquem & Gérard Hamiache & Jean-Christophe Poutineau, 2008. "Sharing Money Creation in a Monetary Union," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 16(5), pages 817-834, November.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Monetary Union; Fiscal Stabilization; Optimal Monetary and Fiscal Policy; Welfare Analysis; Fiscal Rules;

    JEL classification:

    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • E61 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Policy Objectives; Policy Designs and Consistency; Policy Coordination
    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy
    • E63 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Comparative or Joint Analysis of Fiscal and Monetary Policy; Stabilization; Treasury Policy
    • F32 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Current Account Adjustment; Short-term Capital Movements

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