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Bootstrap inference for fixed-effect models

Author

Listed:
  • Jochmans, Koen
  • Higgins, Ayden

Abstract

The maximum-likelihood estimator of nonlinear panel data models with fixed effects is asymptotically biased under rectangular-array asymptotics. The literature has devoted substantial effort to devising methods that correct for this bias as a means to salvage standard inferential procedures. The chief purpose of this paper is to show that the (recursive, parametric) bootstrap replicates the asymptotic distribution of the (uncorrected) maximum-likelihood estimator and of the likelihood-ratio statistic. This justifies the use of confidence sets and decision rules for hypothesis testing constructed via conventional bootstrap methods. No modification for the presence of bias needs to be made.

Suggested Citation

  • Jochmans, Koen & Higgins, Ayden, 2022. "Bootstrap inference for fixed-effect models," TSE Working Papers 22-1328, Toulouse School of Economics (TSE), revised Dec 2023.
  • Handle: RePEc:tse:wpaper:126864
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    Cited by:

    1. Giuseppe Cavaliere & S'ilvia Gonc{c}alves & Morten {O}rregaard Nielsen & Edoardo Zanelli, 2022. "Bootstrap inference in the presence of bias," Papers 2208.02028, arXiv.org, revised Nov 2023.
    2. Pigini, Claudia & Pionati, Alessandro & Valentini, Francesco, 2023. "Specification testing with grouped fixed effects," MPRA Paper 117821, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Bootstrap; fixed effects; incidental parameter problem; inference; panel data;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models

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