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An Axiomatization of the Shapley Value Using a Fairness Property

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  • van den Brink, J.R.

    (Tilburg University, Center For Economic Research)

Abstract

In this paper we provide an axiomatization of the Shapley value for TU-games using a fairness property. This property states that if to a game we add another game in which two players are symmetric then their payoffs change by the same amount. We show that the Shapley value is characterized by this fairness property, efficiency and the null player property. These three axioms also characterize the Shapley value on the class of simple games.
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Suggested Citation

  • van den Brink, J.R., 1999. "An Axiomatization of the Shapley Value Using a Fairness Property," Discussion Paper 1999-120, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:tiu:tiucen:0090365c-9bab-4367-b660-5bd0994788b6
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Lehrer, E, 1988. "An Axiomatization of the Banzhaf Value," International Journal of Game Theory, Springer;Game Theory Society, vol. 17(2), pages 89-99.
    2. Haller, Hans, 1994. "Collusion Properties of Values," International Journal of Game Theory, Springer;Game Theory Society, vol. 23(3), pages 261-281.
    3. Gerard van der Laan & René van den Brink, 1998. "Axiomatization of a class of share functions for n-person games," Theory and Decision, Springer, vol. 44(2), pages 117-148, April.
    4. Chun, Youngsub, 1991. "On the Symmetric and Weighted Shapley Values," International Journal of Game Theory, Springer;Game Theory Society, vol. 20(2), pages 183-190.
    5. (*), Gerard van der Laan & RenÊ van den Brink, 1998. "Axiomatizations of the normalized Banzhaf value and the Shapley value," Social Choice and Welfare, Springer;The Society for Social Choice and Welfare, vol. 15(4), pages 567-582.
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    Cited by:

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    3. René Brink & Frank Steffen, 2012. "Axiomatizations of a positional power score and measure for hierarchies," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 151(3), pages 757-787, June.
    4. Selçuk, O., 2014. "Structural restrictions in cooperation," Other publications TiSEM 0da8d0d3-08c2-4f86-92a1-3, Tilburg University, School of Economics and Management.
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    6. László Csató, 2018. "Characterization of an inconsistency ranking for pairwise comparison matrices," Annals of Operations Research, Springer, vol. 261(1), pages 155-165, February.
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    8. Márkus, Judit & Pintér, Miklós & Radványi, Anna, 2011. "The Shapley value for airport and irrigation games," MPRA Paper 30031, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    9. Yokote, Koji & Funaki, Yukihiko & Kamijo, Yoshio, 2016. "A new basis and the Shapley value," Mathematical Social Sciences, Elsevier, vol. 80(C), pages 21-24.
    10. Harald Wiese, 2012. "Values with exogenous payments," Theory and Decision, Springer, vol. 72(4), pages 485-508, April.
    11. André Casajus, 2011. "Marginality, differential marginality, and the Banzhaf value," Theory and Decision, Springer, vol. 71(3), pages 365-372, September.
    12. van den Brink, René & Núñez, Marina & Robles, Francisco, 2021. "Valuation monotonicity, fairness and stability in assignment problems," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 195(C).
    13. Zou, Zhengxing & van den Brink, René, 2020. "Equal loss under separatorization and egalitarian values," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 194(C).
    14. Li, Xun & Rey, David & Dixit, Vinayak V., 2018. "An axiomatic characterization of fairness in transport networks: Application to road pricing and spatial equity," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 68(C), pages 142-157.
    15. André Casajus, 2011. "Differential marginality, van den Brink fairness, and the Shapley value," Theory and Decision, Springer, vol. 71(2), pages 163-174, August.
    16. Xun-Feng Hu, 2021. "New axiomatizations of the Owen value," Mathematical Methods of Operations Research, Springer;Gesellschaft für Operations Research (GOR);Nederlands Genootschap voor Besliskunde (NGB), vol. 93(3), pages 585-603, June.
    17. Suzuki, T., 2015. "Solutions for cooperative games with and without transferable utility," Other publications TiSEM 9bd876f2-c055-4d01-95f0-c, Tilburg University, School of Economics and Management.
    18. Oishi, Takayuki & Nakayama, Mikio & Hokari, Toru & Funaki, Yukihiko, 2016. "Duality and anti-duality in TU games applied to solutions, axioms, and axiomatizations," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 63(C), pages 44-53.
    19. Michela Chessa & Nobuyuki Hanaki & Aymeric Lardon & Takashi Yamada, 2021. "An Experiment on the Nash Program: Comparing two Mechanisms Implementing the Shapley Value," GREDEG Working Papers 2021-07, Groupe de REcherche en Droit, Economie, Gestion (GREDEG CNRS), Université Côte d'Azur, France.
    20. Pierre Dehez, 2011. "Allocation of fixed costs: characterization of the (dual) weighted Shapley value," Working Papers of BETA 2011-03, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg.
    21. Cubukcu, K. Mert, 2020. "The problem of fair division of surplus development rights in redevelopment of urban areas: Can the Shapley value help?," Land Use Policy, Elsevier, vol. 91(C).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    TU-game; Shapley value; fairness; simple games;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C71 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Game Theory and Bargaining Theory - - - Cooperative Games

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