IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

The French “Earned Income Supplement” (RSA) and back-to-work incentives


  • Denis Anne
  • Yannick L'Horty


Using an inventory of local and/or non-statutory transfers in thirteen French towns and cities including Paris, Lyon and Marseille, we measure the gains from returning to work for recipients of means-tested benefits (RMI and API) by type of household. The reforms of national and statutory benefits carried out during the 2000s, especially those affecting the employment tax credit (PPE), failed to ensure that the recipients of meanstested benefits always stood to gain from returning to work. In most localities and for most types of household, taking a part-time job on the minimum wage represents a loss of income compared to staying on welfare, and full-time work does not always present any advantage. The effects of the reforms were offset by the effects of other measures such as the widespread provision of travel assistance by regional councils, the development of social tariffs for telephone and electricity, or exemption from paying the television licence fee. We then simulate the effects of introducing the RSA in place of the RMI. We take into account the way that local and/or non-statutory transfers ("droits connexes") are modified by the increases in national transfers. We observe that the RSA does indeed eliminate those areas where returning to work is unprofitable, for almost all localities and types of household. Lastly, we show that the marginal tax rate of 38 % chosen by the government in its bill is very close to the upper limit compatible with a back-to-work incentive.
(This abstract was borrowed from another version of this item.)

Suggested Citation

  • Denis Anne & Yannick L'Horty, 2011. "The French “Earned Income Supplement” (RSA) and back-to-work incentives," TEPP Working Paper 2011-01, TEPP.
  • Handle: RePEc:tep:teppwp:wp11-01

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    Other versions of this item:

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Marc Gurgand & David Margolis, 2001. "RMI et revenus du travail : une évaluation des gains financiers à l'emploi," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 346(1), pages 103-122.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:tep:teppwp:wp11-01. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Sylvain). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.