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Mobile Money in Tanzania

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  • Nicholas Economides
  • Przemyslaw Jeziorski

Abstract

In developing countries with sparse retail banking branches, mobile telecom net- works have emerged as major providers of financial services bypassing traditional banks. Using individual-level mobile money transaction data in Tanzania, we find that the vast majority of these transactions can be classified as either (i) transferring money to others, (ii) transporting money for short distances, or (iii) storing money for short to medium periods of time. We find that the demand for long-distance transfers is less elastic than for short-distance transfers suggesting that the mobile networks compete with traditional cash transportation by bus drivers, in addition to competing with each other. Using the revealed preferences for transportation and storage transactions, we monetize the economic damage caused by a high level of crime. We estimate the willingness to pay to avoid walking with cash an extra kilometer and to avoid storing money at home for an extra day to be 1.1% and 1% of an average transaction, respectively. We propose a Pareto superior price discrimination scheme where cash-out fees that follow a transfer are set to zero, while otherwise cash-out fees are set a bit below transfer fees.
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Suggested Citation

  • Nicholas Economides & Przemyslaw Jeziorski, 2015. "Mobile Money in Tanzania," Working Papers 15-03, New York University, Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:ste:nystbu:15-03
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    Cited by:

    1. Dalton, Patricio & Pamuk, H. & Ramrattan, R. & van Soest, Daan & Uras, Burak, 2019. "Transparency and Financial Inclusion : Experimental Evidence from Mobile Money (revision of CentER DP 2018-042)," Discussion Paper 2019-032, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
    2. Carolina Mattsson, 2019. "Networks of monetary flow at native resolution," Papers 1910.05596, arXiv.org.
    3. Beck, Thorsten & Pamuk, Haki & Ramrattan, Ravindra & Uras, Burak R., 2018. "Payment instruments, finance and development," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 133(C), pages 162-186.
    4. Ky, Serge Stéphane & Rugemintwari, Clovis & Sauviat, Alain, 2021. "Friends or Foes? Mobile money interaction with formal and informal finance," Telecommunications Policy, Elsevier, vol. 45(1).
    5. Malm, Meagan K. & Toyama, Kentaro, 2021. "The burdens and the benefits: Socio-economic impacts of mobile phone ownership in Tanzania," World Development Perspectives, Elsevier, vol. 21(C).
    6. Dalton, Patricio & Pamuk, Haki & Ramrattan, R. & van Soest, Daan & Uras, Burak, 2018. "Payment Technology Adoption and Finance : A Randomized-Controlled-Trial with SMEs," Other publications TiSEM 82d89846-b515-41c7-b431-5, Tilburg University, School of Economics and Management.
    7. Mothobi, Onkokame & Grzybowski, Lukasz, 2017. "Infrastructure deficiencies and adoption of mobile money in Sub-Saharan Africa," Information Economics and Policy, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 71-79.
    8. Melia, Elvis, 2019. "The impact of information and communication technologies on jobs in Africa: a literature review," Discussion Papers 3/2019, German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE).
    9. Sunday C. Eze & Vera C. A. Chinedu-Eze & Clinton K. Okike & Adenike O. Bello, 2020. "Critical factors influencing the adoption of digital marketing devices by service-oriented micro-businesses in Nigeria: A thematic analysis approach," Palgrave Communications, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 7(1), pages 1-14, December.
    10. Sunday C. Eze & Hart O. Awa & Vera C. A. Chinedu-Eze & Adenike O. Bello, 2021. "Demographic determinants of mobile marketing technology adoption by small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in Ekiti State, Nigeria," Palgrave Communications, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 8(1), pages 1-11, December.
    11. Sunday C. Eze & Vera C. A. Chinedu-Eze & Clinton K. Okike & Adenike O. Bello, 2020. "Factors influencing the use of e-learning facilities by students in a private Higher Education Institution (HEI) in a developing economy," Palgrave Communications, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 7(1), pages 1-15, December.
    12. Ahmad Hassan Ahmad & Christopher Green & Fei Jiang, 2020. "Mobile Money, Financial Inclusion And Development: A Review With Reference To African Experience," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 34(4), pages 753-792, September.
    13. Dube, Thulani & Chummun, Bibi Zaheenah, 2019. "Mobile Money access and usage among the rural communities in Zimbabwe," MPRA Paper 97578, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 05 Dec 2019.
    14. Siliang Tong & Xueming Luo & Bo Xu, 2020. "Personalized mobile marketing strategies," Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, Springer, vol. 48(1), pages 64-78, January.

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