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Adaptation a la concurrence des importations : effets du commerce avec les pays a bas salaires sur le portefeuille de produits des etablissements manufacturiers canadiens

  • Lileeva, Alla
  • Baldwin, John R.

Le present document decrit la facon dont les etablissements de fabrication canadiens s'adaptent a la concurrence croissante des importations en provenance de pays a bas salaires en modifiant leur portefeuille de produits. Nous faisons la distinction dans l'analyse entre les produits et les produits , ainsi qu'entre les produits differencies et les produits homogenes. Nous tenons compte egalement des complementarites de couts et des complementarites technologiques en nous appuyant sur les liens, au niveau des entrees-sorties, entre les produits fabriques par un etablissement. Nous donnons des preuves d'un important roulement des produits dans les etablissements au cours de la periode allant de 1988 a 1996. Les changements les plus importants ont eu lieu dans les etablissements multiproduits et concernent les produits peripheriques. Les produits les plus touches sont ceux susceptibles d'etre utilises comme entrees dans la fabrication du produit , ceux qui sont homogenes (plutot que differencies) et ceux qui presentent des complementarites d'entrees relativement faibles avec le produit de base. Les etablissements qui font face a une forte concurrence des importations modifient leur portefeuille de produits de facon a se concentrer sur la fabrication de leur produit de base et a s'ecarter de celle de produits peripheriques non apparentes.

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Paper provided by Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques in its series Serie de documents de recherche sur l'analyse economique (AE) with number 2008054f.

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Date of creation: 16 May 2008
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Handle: RePEc:stc:stcp5f:2008054f
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