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L'evolution de la protection offerte par les pensions aux travailleurs jeunes et plus ages au Canada

  • Drolet, Marie
  • Morissette, Rene
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    Le present document reunit des donnees de plusieurs enquetes-menages pour documenter l'evolution de la protection offerte par les pensions aux travailleurs jeunes et plus ages au Canada entre le milieu des annees 1980 et le milieu des annees 1990. Nos principales observations sont les suivantes. Premierement, les donnees administratives tirees de la base de donnees sur les regimes de pensions au Canada (RPAC) aussi bien que les donnees tirees d'enquetes-menages indiquent que les RPA offrent une protection accrue aux femmes. Par contre, les donnees sur les RPAC indiquent une diminution de la protection offerte aux hommes, tandis que les enquetes-menages n'indiquent aucune tendance a la baisse chez les hommes. Deuxiemement, les agregats d'echantillon cachent des differences interessantes au sein de la population. Nous avons observe une baisse de la protection offerte par les pensions aux jeunes travailleurs (ages de 25 a 34 ans) relativement a celle offerte aux travailleurs plus ages (35-50 ans). La protection des jeunes hommes a baisse, tandis que la protection de type RPA est demeuree assez stable pour les hommes plus ages. D'autre part, la protection offerte par les pensions est demeuree assez constante pour les jeunes femmes tout en subissant une hausse appreciable pour les femmes plus agees. Troisiemement, le declin du syndicalisme et les deplacements vers des branches d'activite a faible protection expliquent largement la baisse de protection observee parmi les jeunes hommes. Quatriemement, la protection accrue offerte aux femmes plus agees semble resulter de leur plus grande propension a occuper des emplois a remuneration/protection elevee.

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    Paper provided by Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques in its series Direction des etudes analytiques : documents de recherche with number 1999138f.

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    Date of creation: 22 Dec 1999
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    Handle: RePEc:stc:stcp3f:1999138f
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    Web page: http://www.statcan.gc.ca

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    1. Heisz, Andrew, 1996. "Changes in Job Tenure and Job Stability in Canada," Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper Series 1996095e, Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch.
    2. Olivia S. Mitchell, 1987. "Worker Knowledge of Pension Provisions," NBER Working Papers 2414, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Parsons, Donald O., 1991. "The decline in private pension coverage in the United States," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 36(4), pages 419-423, August.
    4. Drolet, Marie & Morissette, Rene, 1998. "Recent Canadian Evidence on Job Quality by Firm Size," Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper Series 1998128e, Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch.
    5. Gustman, A.L. & Mitchell, O.S. & Steinmeier, T.L., 1993. "The Role of Pensions in the Labor Market," Papers 93-07, Cornell - Center for Advanced Human Resource Studies.
    6. Alan L. Gustman & Thomas L. Steinmeier & Olivia Mitchell, 1994. "The role of pensions in the labor market: A survey of the literature," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 47(3), pages 417-438, April.
    7. Denise J. Doiron & W. Craig Riddell, 1994. "The Impact of Unionization on Male-Female Earnings Differences in Canada," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 29(2), pages 504-534.
    8. Even, William E. & Macpherson, David A., 1990. "Plant size and the decline of unionism," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 32(4), pages 393-398, April.
    9. Rene Morissette, 1993. "Canadian Jobs and Firm Size: Do Smaller Firms Pay Less?," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 26(1), pages 159-74, February.
    10. David E. Bloom & Richard B. Freeman, 1992. "The Fall in Private Pension Coverage in the U.S," NBER Working Papers 3973, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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