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Tarification au marché et variation des marges à l’exportation: Une étude des prix d’exportation allemands, français et italiens

Author

Listed:
  • Sarah Guillou

    (Observatoire français des conjonctures économiques)

  • Stefano Schiavo

    (Department of Economics [Università di Trento])

Abstract

Notre méthodologie empirique repose sur la spécification de Knetter (1993) : comme le taux de marge et le coût marginal ne peuvent être observés, cette spécification empirique permet de saisir, par un jeu complet de dummies temporelles, tous les mouvements communs aux prix des produits exportés mais qui sont indépendants des marchés de destination. L’ajustement du taux de marge dépend à la fois du taux de change et des autres effets destination. Cette étude offre une analyse sur longue période (1973-2003) à partir de données comparables de prix des exportations pour l’Allemagne, la France et l’Italie et opère à trois niveaux d’observation : le pays-source, le produit et la destination. Cette étude confirme que le comportement de prix à l’exportation est soumis à une triple détermination pays-source, produit et destination. Toutefois les caractéristiques des destinations apparaissent plus déterminantes que les autres caractéristiques. Étant donné la méthode d’estimation des variations des taux de marge (par un effet fixe), nos résultats sur leur évolution doivent être considérés avec prudence. On retiendra cependant que cette étude n’autorise pas à conclure à un déclin sur longue période des taux de marge à l’exportation, déclin attendu de la croissance de la pression concurrentielle. Ainsi, la France a connu une augmentation de son pouvoir de marché sur plus de la moitié de ses marchés d’exportation. Il est probable qu’une étude sur longue période fasse ressortir les effets sélectifs de la pression concurrentielle qui conduisent à une sélection des exportateurs à forte profitabilité.

Suggested Citation

  • Sarah Guillou & Stefano Schiavo, 2009. "Tarification au marché et variation des marges à l’exportation: Une étude des prix d’exportation allemands, français et italiens," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/9708, Sciences Po.
  • Handle: RePEc:spo:wpmain:info:hdl:2441/9708
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Knetter, Michael M, 1989. "Price Discrimination by U.S. and German Exporters," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 79(1), pages 198-210, March.
    2. Pinelopi Koujianou Goldberg & Michael M. Knetter, 1997. "Goods Prices and Exchange Rates: What Have We Learned?," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 35(3), pages 1243-1272, September.
    3. Jose Manuel Campa & Linda S. Goldberg, 2002. "Exchange Rate Pass-Through into Import Prices: A Macro or Micro Phenomenon?," NBER Working Papers 8934, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Froot, Kenneth A & Klemperer, Paul D, 1989. "Exchange Rate Pass-Through When Market Share Matters," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 79(4), pages 637-654, September.
    5. Guillaume Gaulier & Amina Lahrèche-Révil & Isabelle Méjean, 2008. "Exchange-rate pass-through at the product level," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 41(2), pages 425-449, May.
    6. Guillaume Gaulier & Amina Lahrèche-Révil & Isabelle Méjean, 2006. "Structural Determinants of the Exchange-Rate Pass-Through," Working Papers 2006-03, CEPII research center.
    7. Asplund, Marcus & Eriksson, Rickard & Strand, Niklas, 2001. "Price Discrimination in Oligopoly: Evidence from Swedish Newspapers," SSE/EFI Working Paper Series in Economics and Finance 468, Stockholm School of Economics, revised 01 Jan 2007.
    8. Goldberg, Pinelopi Koujianou, 1995. "Product Differentiation and Oligopoly in International Markets: The Case of the U.S. Automobile Industry," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 63(4), pages 891-951, July.
    9. Feenstra, Robert C. & Gagnon, Joseph E. & Knetter, Michael M., 1996. "Market share and exchange rate pass-through in world automobile trade," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(1-2), pages 187-207, February.
    10. Martin Falk & Rahel Falk, 2000. "Pricing to Market of German Exporters: Evidence from Panel Data," Empirica, Springer;Austrian Institute for Economic Research;Austrian Economic Association, vol. 27(1), pages 21-46, March.
    11. Salvador Gil-Pareja, 2000. "Exchange rates and European countries’ export prices: An empirical test for asymmetries in pricing to market behavior," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 136(1), pages 1-23, March.
    12. Roberto Basile & Sergio de Nardis & Alessandro Girardi, 2009. "Pricing to market of Italian exporting firms," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 41(12), pages 1543-1562.
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    Cited by:

    1. Sarah Guillou & Stefano Schiavo, 2014. "Exchange rate exposure under liquidity constraints," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 23(6), pages 1541-1561.
    2. repec:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/5l6uh8ogmqildh09h561m4g1g is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    exportation; tarification au marche; commerce international; taux de marge a l'exportation; omportement de prix des firmes; export; pricing-to-market; international trade; export margins; pricing behaviour;

    JEL classification:

    • D40 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design - - - General
    • E30 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - General (includes Measurement and Data)
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • L16 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Industrial Organization and Macroeconomics; Macroeconomic Industrial Structure
    • L60 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - General

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