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Offre de travail des mères isolées : retour sur l’introduction de l’allocation de parent isolé en 1976

Author

Listed:
  • Yves Goulard De Curraize

    (Observatoire français des conjonctures économiques)

  • Hélène Périvier

    (Observatoire français des conjonctures économiques)

Abstract

L’objet de cet article est d’évaluer l’effet de l’introduction de l’allocation parent isolé longue en 1976, sur l’offre de travail des mères de jeunes enfants. Cette réforme est assimilée à une quasi-expérience permettant d’appliquer la méthode de double différence. Il s’agit de comparer l’évolution du taux d’emploi du groupe d’individus affectés par l’introduction de l’allocation, en l’occurrence les femmes élevant seules un enfant de moins de 3 ans, à celle du taux d’emploi d’un groupe d’individus non affectés mais dont les caractéristiques sont proches de celles des premiers. Nous proposons deux groupes témoins : le premier comprend les mères d’enfants de moins 3 ans mais qui ne sont pas éligibles à l’API parce qu’elles vivent en couple ; le second est composé des mères isolées dont le plus jeune enfant est âgé de 3 à 5 ans. La différence entre l’évolution du taux d’emploi du groupe test et celle des groupes témoins après 1976, est attribuée à l’introduction de l’API. L’estimation d’un modèle logit permet de contrôler l’effet des différences observables entre le groupe test et chaque groupe témoin.

Suggested Citation

  • Yves Goulard De Curraize & Hélène Périvier, 2006. "Offre de travail des mères isolées : retour sur l’introduction de l’allocation de parent isolé en 1976," Sciences Po publications n°2006-17, Sciences Po.
  • Handle: RePEc:spo:wpmain:info:hdl:2441/923
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Hélène Périvier, 2006. "Quel sort pour les allocataires de minima sociaux ?," Post-Print hal-01021145, HAL.
    2. repec:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/3466 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Nada Eissa & Jeffrey B. Liebman, 1996. "Labor Supply Response to the Earned Income Tax Credit," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 111(2), pages 605-637.
    4. Thomas Piketty, 1998. "L'impact des incitations financières au travail sur les comportements individuels : une estimation pour le cas français," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 132(1), pages 1-35.
    5. Marc Gurgand & David Margolis, 2001. "RMI et revenus du travail : une évaluation des gains financiers à l'emploi," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 346(1), pages 103-122.
    6. Cédric Afsa, 1999. "L'allocation de parent isolé : une prestation sous influences. Une analyse de la durée de perception," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 137(1), pages 13-31.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    transferts sociaux; allocation parent isolé; difference in difference analysis; social transfer; mothers’ labour supply;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J08 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General - - - Labor Economics Policies
    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
    • C81 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Data Collection and Data Estimation Methodology; Computer Programs - - - Methodology for Collecting, Estimating, and Organizing Microeconomic Data; Data Access

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