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Fluctuations et partage entre les générations: Quelques exemples théoriques

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  • Vincent Touze

    (Observatoire français des conjonctures économiques)

Abstract

L’objectif de cet article est d’étudier la stratégie de transferts entre les générations qui permet de réaliser l’optimum social dans le cadre d’une économie dynamique soumise à la fluctuation de ses fondamentaux. La première partie est consacrée à un inventaire des différentes approches du bien-être social dans un contexte dynamique et intergénérationnel, à la détermination des arbitrages auxquels fait face le planificateur social et à la politique de transferts entre les générations susceptible de conduire à l’optimum social. La deuxième partie propose une application de ces principes de croissance socialement optimale à des économies théoriques qui présentent une variation cyclique et déterministe de leurs fondamentaux. Enfin, la dernière partie présente une application du même ordre à une économie avec des fluctuations stochastiques. De ces exemples théoriques, il ressort un résultat principal en termes de taux optimal de cotisation sociale : ce dernier dépend positivement du taux de dépendance et de la part des salaires dans la valeur ajoutée.

Suggested Citation

  • Vincent Touze, 2006. "Fluctuations et partage entre les générations: Quelques exemples théoriques," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/3882, Sciences Po.
  • Handle: RePEc:spo:wpmain:info:hdl:2441/3882
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Paul A. Samuelson, 1958. "An Exact Consumption-Loan Model of Interest with or without the Social Contrivance of Money," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 66, pages 467-467.
    2. Wang Yong, 1993. "Stationary Equilibria in an Overlapping Generations Economy with Stochastic Production," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 61(2), pages 423-435, December.
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    4. Graciela Chichilnisky, 1996. "An axiomatic approach to sustainable development," Social Choice and Welfare, Springer;The Society for Social Choice and Welfare, vol. 13(2), pages 231-257, April.
    5. de la Croix,David & Michel,Philippe, 2002. "A Theory of Economic Growth," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521001151.
    6. Philippe Michel & Pierre Pestieau, 1993. "Croissance optimale avec population fluctuante," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 44(3), pages 615-624.
    7. André Masson, 1999. "Quelle solidarité intergénérationnelle ?," Revue Française d'Économie, Programme National Persée, vol. 14(1), pages 27-90.
    8. Chamley, Christophe, 1986. "Optimal Taxation of Capital Income in General Equilibrium with Infinite Lives," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 54(3), pages 607-622, May.
    9. Marc Fleurbaey & Philippe Michel, 1992. "Quelle justice pour les retraites ?," Revue d'Économie Financière, Programme National Persée, vol. 23(4), pages 47-64.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    générations; bien-être social;

    JEL classification:

    • D9 - Microeconomics - - Micro-Based Behavioral Economics
    • I3 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty
    • H55 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Social Security and Public Pensions

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