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Do Customs Union Members Engage In More Bilateral Trade Than Free Trade Agreement Members?

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  • Jayjit Roy

    () (SMU)

Abstract

This paper provides the first empirical analysis directly comparing the effects of customs unions (CUs) and free trade agreements (FTAs) on members' bilateral trade, while addressing the biases arising from log-linearization of the gravity model and crucial time-invariant unobservables. Since Fiorentino et al. (2007) question the popularity of CUs relative to FTAs, considering the latter to be more practical in the current trading climate, such a comparison seems especially relevant. While Baier and Bergstrand (2007) find an FTA to approximately double membersí bilateral trade after 10 years, it is actually a CU, and not an FTA, which doubles bilateral trade.

Suggested Citation

  • Jayjit Roy, 2008. "Do Customs Union Members Engage In More Bilateral Trade Than Free Trade Agreement Members?," Departmental Working Papers 0803, Southern Methodist University, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:smu:ecowpa:803
    as

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    11. J. M. C. Santos Silva & Silvana Tenreyro, 2006. "The Log of Gravity," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 88(4), pages 641-658, November.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Appelbaum, Elie & Melatos, Mark, 2012. "Camouflaged Trade Agreements," Working Papers 2012-11, University of Sydney, School of Economics.
    2. Kazunobu Hayakawa & Tadashi Ito & Fukunari Kimura, 2016. "Trade Creation Effects of Regional Trade Agreements: Tariff Reduction versus Non-tariff Barrier Removal," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 20(1), pages 317-326, February.
    3. Masahiro Endoh & Koichi Hamada & Koji Shimomura, 2013. "Can a Regional Trade Agreement Benefit a Nonmember Country without Compensating It?," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 21(5), pages 912-922, November.
    4. Türkcan, Kemal & Pişkin, Erhan, 2014. "Ticaret Anlaşmalarının Türkiye’nin İhracat Dinamiğine Etkisi: Yaygın ve Yoğun Ticaret
      [The Effects of the Trade Agreements on the Dynamics of Turkey’s Export: Extensive and Intensive Margins]
      ," MPRA Paper 59841, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Rutger Teulings, 2017. "Brexit and The Impact of Gradual Economic Integration on Export," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 17-075/VI, Tinbergen Institute.
    6. Hayakawa, Kazunobu & Kim, HanSung & Yoshimi, Taiyo, 2015. "FTA in international finance : impacts of exchange rates on FTA utilization," IDE Discussion Papers 494, Institute of Developing Economies, Japan External Trade Organization(JETRO).
    7. Jason H. Grant, 2013. "Is the growth of regionalism as significant as the headlines suggest? Lessons from agricultural trade," Agricultural Economics, International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 44(1), pages 93-109, January.
    8. Hinnerk Gnutzmann & Arevik Gnutzmann-Mkrtchyan, 2016. "The Silent Success of Customs Unions," CESifo Working Paper Series 5944, CESifo Group Munich.
    9. Robert C. Johnson & Guillermo Noguera, 2012. "Fragmentation and Trade in Value Added over Four Decades," NBER Working Papers 18186, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    10. repec:sae:fortra:v:52:y:2017:i:4:p:219-232 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Jeffrey H. Bergstrand, 2013. "Measuring the Effects of Endogenous Policies on Economic Integration," CESifo Economic Studies, CESifo, vol. 59(2), pages 199-222, June.
    12. Egger, Peter & Tarlea, Filip, 2017. "Comparing Apples to Apples: Estimating Consistent Partial Effects of Preferential Economic Integration Agreements," CEPR Discussion Papers 11894, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    13. Jayjit Roy, 2014. "On the robustness of the trade-inducing effects of trade agreements and currency unions," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 47(1), pages 253-304, August.
    14. Mahmut Yasar & David Lisner & Roderick Rejesus, 2012. "Bilateral trade impacts of temporary foreign visitor policy," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 148(3), pages 501-521, September.
    15. Baier, Scott L. & Bergstrand, Jeffrey H. & Feng, Michael, 2014. "Economic integration agreements and the margins of international trade," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 93(2), pages 339-350.
    16. Hayakawa, Kazunobu & Kim, Han-Sung & Yoshimi, Taiyo, 2017. "Exchange rate and utilization of free trade agreements: Focus on rules of origin," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 75(C), pages 93-108.
    17. Natalya Ketenci, 2017. "The Effect of the European Union Customs Union on the Balance of Trade in Turkey," Foreign Trade Review, , vol. 52(4), pages 219-232, November.
    18. Kazunobu Hayakawa & Fukunari Kimura, 2015. "How Much Do Free Trade Agreements Reduce Impediments to Trade?," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 26(4), pages 711-729, September.
    19. Hayakawa, Kazunobu & Kimura, Fukunari, 2014. "How do free trade agreements reduce tariff rates and non-tariff barriers?," IDE Discussion Papers 446, Institute of Developing Economies, Japan External Trade Organization(JETRO).
    20. Hornok, Cecília & Koren, Miklós, 2015. "Administrative barriers to trade," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 96(S1), pages 110-122.
    21. Andreas Dür & Leonardo Baccini & Manfred Elsig, 2014. "The design of international trade agreements: Introducing a new dataset," The Review of International Organizations, Springer, vol. 9(3), pages 353-375, September.
    22. Hayakawa, Kazunobu & Yoshimi, Taiyo, 2016. "Gravity with multiple tariff schemes," IDE Discussion Papers 614, Institute of Developing Economies, Japan External Trade Organization(JETRO).
    23. Fumi Kiyotaki & Toshiji Miyakawa, 2013. "Barriers to Global Free Trade through Bilateral Agreements," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 21(3), pages 536-548, August.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Free Trade Agreements; Customs Unions; Gravity Model;

    JEL classification:

    • F1 - International Economics - - Trade

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