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A Detailed Analysis of Productivity Trends in the Canadian Forest Products Sector


  • Ricardo de Avillez



The Canadian forest products sector has had an above-average productivity performance in the 2000-2012 period, driven in particular by the wood product manufacturing subsector. While the forestry and logging subsector has also benefited from strong productivity gains, the productivity performance of the paper manufacturing subsector has been far from impressive, especially in the post-2008 period. This report provides a detailed analysis of output, input and productivity trends in the Canadian forest products sector. It also looks at the key drivers of productivity in the sector, investigating potential barriers to productivity growth and discussing policies that could enable faster growth. Given the increasing role of countries with low-labour costs in several forest product markets, maintaining robust productivity growth is an imperative for the Canadian forest products sector if it wants to remain competitive internationally. In this sense, the report recommends renewed focus on human and physical capital investment, as well as on R&D spending.

Suggested Citation

  • Ricardo de Avillez, 2014. "A Detailed Analysis of Productivity Trends in the Canadian Forest Products Sector," CSLS Research Reports 2014-01, Centre for the Study of Living Standards.
  • Handle: RePEc:sls:resrep:1401

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Andrew Sharpe & Ian Currie, 2008. "Competitive Intensity as Driver of Innovation and Productivity Growth: A Synthesis of the Literature," CSLS Research Reports 2008-03, Centre for the Study of Living Standards.
    2. Girard, Andrée Maynard, Jean-Pierre Tanguay, Marc, 2006. "Producing Hours Worked for the SNA in Order to Measure Productivity: The Canadian Experience," The Canadian Productivity Review 2006004e, Statistics Canada, Economic Analysis Division.
    3. Diewert, Erwin, 2008. "The Measurement of Nonmarket Sector Outputs and Inputs Using Cost Weights," Economics working papers diewert-08-01-18-09-21-07, Vancouver School of Economics, revised 13 Nov 2008.
    4. Andrew Sharpe & Peter Harrison, 2009. "A Detailed Analysis of the Productivity Performance of the Canadian Forest Products Sector Since 2000," CSLS Research Reports 2009-09, Centre for the Study of Living Standards.
    5. Trueblood, Michael A. & Ruttan, Vernon W., 1992. "A Comparison Of Multifactor Productivity Calculations Of The U.S. Agricultural Sector," Staff Papers 14165, University of Minnesota, Department of Applied Economics.
    6. Jean-Francois Arsenault & Andrew Sharpe, 2008. "An Analysis of the Causes of Weak Labour Productivity Growth in Canada since 2000," International Productivity Monitor, Centre for the Study of Living Standards, vol. 16, pages 14-39, Spring.
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    Cited by:

    1. Evan Capeluck, 2016. "A Comparison of Australian and Canadian Productivity Performance: Lessons for Canada," CSLS Research Reports 2016-07, Centre for the Study of Living Standards.

    More about this item


    Productivity; Growth; Forestry; Canada; Research and Development; Capital Intensity; Human Capital; Physical Capital; Wood Product Manufacturing; Paper Manufacuturing; Forest Products Sector;

    JEL classification:

    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products
    • O30 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - General
    • O51 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - U.S.; Canada
    • J00 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General - - - General
    • E23 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Production
    • Q20 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - General
    • D24 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Production; Cost; Capital; Capital, Total Factor, and Multifactor Productivity; Capacity
    • J08 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General - - - Labor Economics Policies

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