Mobility Where Mobility is Illegal: Migration and City Growth in the Soviet Union
his paper examines an important anomaly in the internal migration history of the former Soviet Union (FSU). While many cities were closed in the sense of explicitly limiting growth of city population from migration, it was difficult to assess the effectiveness of these controls. We analyze a sample of 308 Soviet cities to isolate the impact of closure regulations controlling for city size. We find that while there are pervasive patterns of city growth, the rate increasing through the 1960s and declining thereafter, there are also pervasive differences between controlled and uncontrolled cities, the later growing significantly faster in almost all cases, controlling for city size.
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- Clayton, Elizabeth & Richardson, Thomas, 1989. "Soviet Control of City Size," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 38(1), pages 155-165, October.
- Gur Ofer, 1976. "Industrial Structure, Urbanization, and the Growth Strategy of Socialist Countries," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 90(2), pages 219-244.
- Ira N Gang & Robert C Stuart, 1996.
"Urban to Urban Migration: Soviet Patterns and Post-Soviet Implications,"
Comparative Economic Studies,
Palgrave Macmillan;Association for Comparative Economic Studies, vol. 38(1), pages 21-36, April.
- Ira N. Gang & Robert C. Stuart, 1996. "Urban to Urban Migration: Soviet Patterns and Post-Soviet Implications," Departmental Working Papers 199605, Rutgers University, Department of Economics.