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Public Services Impact on Urban Migration Phenomenon in Romania


  • Beniamin Viorel BRANZAS

    () (The Bucharest University of Economic Studies, Romania)


Both urban and rural migration phenomena are determined by standard of living, unemployment rate, widespread corruption, poverty and lack of private investments. It is widely considered that macro-economic indicators are responsible for the standard of living at a national level, imaging a top-down effect, without analyzing how local level is impacting the national standard of living. In this mindset, local authorities are not concerned about urban migration since this is a national effect, and their decisional contribution would be anyway an ineffective one. This paper aims at revealing that there are some local administrative elements that might influence urban migration, public services being part of them. Bearing in mind the necessity of fulfilling citizens’ requests, public managers are facing a mandatory duty regarding public services quality. In this paper there are considered public utility services that cover the entire population of urban areas, services that are creating an impact on urban migration phenomenon. The research is a quantitative one, involving both collected information and statistics. The results indicate a relation between public services and urban migration phenomenon, exploring mid-term effects. Certainly there are additional elements that create impact on urban demographics and some of these are decisive in emerging urban migration, but for sure public services are having a clear influence.

Suggested Citation

  • Beniamin Viorel BRANZAS, 2015. "Public Services Impact on Urban Migration Phenomenon in Romania," REVISTA DE MANAGEMENT COMPARAT INTERNATIONAL/REVIEW OF INTERNATIONAL COMPARATIVE MANAGEMENT, Faculty of Management, Academy of Economic Studies, Bucharest, Romania, vol. 16(3), pages 417-430, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:rom:rmcimn:v:16:y:2015:i:3:p:417-430

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. repec:aph:ajpbhl:2004:94:10:1661-1663_7 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Alwyn Young, 2013. "Inequality, the Urban-Rural Gap, and Migration," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 128(4), pages 1727-1785.
    3. GOSCHIN Zizi & ROMAN Monica & DANCIU Aniela-Raluca, 2013. "The Brain Drain Phenomenon In Romania. Magnitude, Characteristics, Implications," Revista Economica, Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu, Faculty of Economic Sciences, vol. 65(5), pages 190-206.
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    5. Ira N Gang & Robert C Stuart, 1996. "Urban to Urban Migration: Soviet Patterns and Post-Soviet Implications," Comparative Economic Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Association for Comparative Economic Studies, vol. 38(1), pages 21-36, April.
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    8. Frédéric Docquier, 2014. "The brain drain from developing countries," IZA World of Labor, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA), pages 1-31, May.
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    10. Jiirgen Friedrichs, 1993. "A Theory of Urban Decline: Economy, Demography and Political Elites," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 30(6), pages 907-917, June.
    11. Harvey S. Rosen, 2002. "Public Finance: Essay for the Encyclopedia of Public Choice," Working Papers 122, Princeton University, Department of Economics, Center for Economic Policy Studies..
    12. Joakim Ruist, 2014. "Free Immigration and Welfare Access: The Swedish Experience," Fiscal Studies, Institute for Fiscal Studies, vol. 35, pages 19-39, March.
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    More about this item


    public management; public services; urban migration; demographic phenomenon; urban shrinkage; public policies; urban-rural migration.;

    JEL classification:

    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
    • I25 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Education and Economic Development


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