Basic Pensions and Poverty Reduction in Sub-Saharan Africa
This paper investigates the role of basic pensions in alleviating poverty in sub- Saharan Africa. Using the most recent Senegalese household income-expenditure data survey, we construct scenarios of universal and means-tested basic pension schemes with different generosity levels. Simulations indicate that basic pension benefits have sizeable impact on poverty reduction amongst households, with elderly members, which translates into large decreases in aggregate poverty measures. The paper also analyzes the fiscal costs of basic pensions and shows that these are fiscally affordable as long as pension levels are reasonable. This suggests that basic pension programs could be financially sustainable in sub-Saharan African.
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- Irineu Evangelista de Carvalho Filho, 2012.
"Household Income as a Determinant of Child Labor and School Enrollment in Brazil: Evidence from a Social Security Reform,"
Economic Development and Cultural Change,
University of Chicago Press, vol. 60(2), pages 399-435.
- Irineu E de Carvalho Filho, 2008. "Household Income As A Determinant of Child Labor and School Enrollment in Brazil; Evidence From A Social Security Reform," IMF Working Papers 08/241, International Monetary Fund.
- de Carvalho Filho, Irineu E., 2010. "Household income as a determinant of child labor and school enrollment in Brazil: Evidence from a social security reform," MPRA Paper 26046, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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