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Basic Pensions and Poverty Reduction in Sub-Saharan Africa

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  • Ousmane Faye

Abstract

This paper investigates the role of basic pensions in alleviating poverty in sub- Saharan Africa. Using the most recent Senegalese household income-expenditure data survey, we construct scenarios of universal and means-tested basic pension schemes with different generosity levels. Simulations indicate that basic pension benefits have sizeable impact on poverty reduction amongst households, with elderly members, which translates into large decreases in aggregate poverty measures. The paper also analyzes the fiscal costs of basic pensions and shows that these are fiscally affordable as long as pension levels are reasonable. This suggests that basic pension programs could be financially sustainable in sub-Saharan African.

Suggested Citation

  • Ousmane Faye, 2007. "Basic Pensions and Poverty Reduction in Sub-Saharan Africa," CREPP Working Papers 0707, Centre de Recherche en Economie Publique et de la Population (CREPP) (Research Center on Public and Population Economics) HEC-Management School, University of Liège.
  • Handle: RePEc:rpp:wpaper:0707
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    File URL: http://www2.ulg.ac.be/crepp/papers/crepp-wp200707.pdf
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    1. Irineu Evangelista de Carvalho Filho, 2012. "Household Income as a Determinant of Child Labor and School Enrollment in Brazil: Evidence from a Social Security Reform," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 60(2), pages 399-435.
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