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The Puzzle of Industrial Enterprises in Romania over a Century: 1918-2017

Author

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  • Chivu, Luminita

    ("Costin C. Kirițescu" National Institute for Economic Research, Romanian Academy)

Abstract

The configuration of industrial enterprises in Romania, in terms of numbers and structure, in relation to their characteristics, mirrors the Romanian economy and society at large, in their chronological development. Marked by the changes in the technological and economic paradigm, by the legal-institutional framework and changes in the ownership regime, by the commercial policy guidelines on the background of the dominant economic doctrine, but also by the characteristics of the communities in which they were operating, in turn the †architecture†of the industrial enterprises put a special footprint on the economic and social development. Our analyses are focusing on three major historical periods: a) the inter-war period, the arms industry, and the post-war reconstruction period of 1918-1947; b) the period of centralised economy (with nationalisation, collective farming, and planned economy as its corollary), 1948-1989; c) the period of transition to a market economy and the European Union integration, 1990-2017.

Suggested Citation

  • Chivu, Luminita, 2019. "The Puzzle of Industrial Enterprises in Romania over a Century: 1918-2017," Working Papers of National Institute of Economic Research 191018, National Institute of Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:ror:wpince:191018
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    File URL: http://www.workingpapers.ro/2019/wpince191018.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Luminița Chivu & Constantin Ciutacu & George Georgescu, 2017. "Deindustrialization and Reindustrialization in Romania," Springer Books, Springer, number 978-3-319-65753-0, June.
    2. Alfred D. Chandler, 1992. "Organizational Capabilities and the Economic History of the Industrial Enterprise," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 6(3), pages 79-100, Summer.
    3. Judit Kapás, 2008. "Industrial revolutions and the evolution of the firm's organization: an historical perspective," Journal of Innovation Economics, De Boeck Université, vol. 0(2), pages 15-33.
    4. Enrique Claver-Cortés & Bartolomé Marco-Lajara & Pedro Seva-Larrosa & Lorena Ruiz-Fernández & Eduardo Sánchez-García, 2019. "Analysis of the Relationship between Support Institutions and Industrial Districts in Spain: A Regional Approach," Social Sciences, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(2), pages 1-17, January.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    industrialization; industrial restructuring; privatization; deindustrialization;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D23 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Organizational Behavior; Transaction Costs; Property Rights
    • L11 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Production, Pricing, and Market Structure; Size Distribution of Firms
    • L16 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Industrial Organization and Macroeconomics; Macroeconomic Industrial Structure
    • L22 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Organization and Market Structure
    • L25 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Performance
    • L52 - Industrial Organization - - Regulation and Industrial Policy - - - Industrial Policy; Sectoral Planning Methods
    • N14 - Economic History - - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Industrial Structure; Growth; Fluctuations - - - Europe: 1913-

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