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Financial Inclusion, Regulation, Financial Literacy, and Financial Education in Armenia

Author

Listed:
  • Nurbekyan, Armen

    (Asian Development Bank Institute)

  • Hovanessian, Naneh

    (Asian Development Bank Institute)

Abstract

Financial inclusion has significantly advanced in Armenia during the last decade. Rural and urban areas, however, have benefited unevenly. The high cost of providing financial services, the lack of physical infrastructure, higher poverty rates, and the low level of financial literacy are the main barriers to financial inclusion in the rural areas. The availability of, and the high level of trust in, postal services in all villages, along with innovative technologies, should be exploited to address the inadequate physical infrastructure. Insurance services, in particular health and agriculture insurance, have a high growth potential. Mandatory health insurance along with an e-health infrastructure can boost high-quality financial inclusion. Targeted financial education policies addressing the most vulnerable groups, in particular the rural population and the unemployed, will significantly increase the quality of financial inclusion. Addressing data gaps, especially in the small and medium-sized enterprises sector, should be a priority for policy makers. Overall, a clear separation of strategies for financial inclusion from the National Strategy for Financial Education clarifying quantitative goals and policies will be beneficial.

Suggested Citation

  • Nurbekyan, Armen & Hovanessian, Naneh, 2018. "Financial Inclusion, Regulation, Financial Literacy, and Financial Education in Armenia," ADBI Working Papers 843, Asian Development Bank Institute.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:adbiwp:0843
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Anarfo, Ebenezer Bugri & Abor, Joshua Yindenaba & osei, Kofi Achampong, 2020. "Financial regulation and financial inclusion in Sub-Saharan Africa: Does financial stability play a moderating role?," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 51(C).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    financial inclusion; financial literacy; regulation; Armenia;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • I22 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Educational Finance; Financial Aid
    • O16 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Financial Markets; Saving and Capital Investment; Corporate Finance and Governance

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