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The FTAA and the political economy of protection in Brazil and the US

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  • Marcelo de Paiva Abreu

    () (Department of Economics PUC-Rio)

Abstract

This paper is divided in nine sections. A short introduction puts the subject matter in perspective in the context of the FTAA negotiations. Section 1 deals with obstacles to a successful conclusion of the FTAA both in Mercosur - especially in Brazil. The following section considers briefly how notions about reciprocity and balance of concessions have been applied in multilateral negotiations and how they may be adjusted in the case of negotiations involving free trade areas. The following two triads of sections refer to the United States (sections 3, 4 and 5) and Brazil (sections 6, 7 and 8). Sections 3 and 6 analyze in both economies how protectionist interests are distributed from the point of view of sectors affected and of their location (states and, for the United States, congressional districts). The relative importance of export interests by state is gauged in sections 4 and 7. The relative net balance of protectionist and export interests is evaluated in sections 5 and 8 under different assumptions in an effort to cope with the limitations of the measures used. Section 9 concludes.

Suggested Citation

  • Marcelo de Paiva Abreu, 2005. "The FTAA and the political economy of protection in Brazil and the US," Textos para discussão 494, Department of Economics PUC-Rio (Brazil).
  • Handle: RePEc:rio:texdis:494
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    File URL: http://www.econ.puc-rio.br/zip/td494.zip
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Julio J. Nogués, 2004. "Agricultural Exporters in a Protectionist World: Review and Policy Implications of Barriers Against Mercosur," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 2651, Inter-American Development Bank.
    2. Martin Cicowiez & Onil Banerjee & Emily Morris, 2017. "Boosting Tourism's Contribution to Growth and Development: Analysis of Evidence," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 8423, Inter-American Development Bank.
    3. Marcelo de Paiva Abreu, 2004. "Trade Liberalization and the Political Economy of Protection in Brazil since 1987," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 9376, Inter-American Development Bank.
    4. Esteradeordal, Antoni & Goto, Junichi, 2001. "The New Regionalism in the Americas: The Case of Mercosur," Journal of Economic Integration, Center for Economic Integration, Sejong University, vol. 16, pages 180-202.
    5. Putnam, Robert D., 1988. "Diplomacy and domestic politics: the logic of two-level games," International Organization, Cambridge University Press, vol. 42(03), pages 427-460, June.
    6. Kyle Bagwell & Robert W. Staiger, 2004. "The Economics of the World Trading System," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262524341, January.
    7. Hiscox, Michael J., 1999. "The Magic Bullet? The RTAA, Institutional Reform, and Trade Liberalization," International Organization, Cambridge University Press, vol. 53(04), pages 669-698, September.
    8. Mauricio Mesquita Moreira, 2004. "Brazil’s Trade Liberalization and Growth: Has it Failed?," International Trade 0412008, EconWPA.
    9. Julio J. Nogués, 2004. "Agricultural Exporters in a Protectionist World: Review and Policy Implications of Barriers Against Mercosur," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 9386, Inter-American Development Bank.
    10. repec:idb:brikps:8285 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Marcelo de Paiva Abreu, 2004. "Trade Liberalization and the Political Economy of Protection in Brazil since 1987," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 2642, Inter-American Development Bank.
    12. Robert Devlin & Ricardo Ffrench-Davis, 1999. "Towards an Evaluation of Regional Integration in Latin America in the 1990s," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 22(2), pages 261-290, March.
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    Cited by:

    1. Ibrahim D. Raheem & Agboola H. Yusuf, 2015. "Energy Consumption-Economic Growth Nexus: Evidence from Linear and Nonlinear Models in Selected African Countries," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 5(2), pages 558-564.
    2. Manuel Orozco & Rachel Fedewa, 2007. "Leveraging efforts on remittances and financial intermediation," INTAL Working Papers 1448, Inter-American Development Bank, INTAL.
    3. Mario Jales & Marcos Sawaya Jank & Shunli Yao & Colin Carter, 2006. "Agriculture in Brazil and China : challenges and opportunities," INTAL Working Papers 1296, Inter-American Development Bank, INTAL.
    4. Nnaemeka Vincent Emodi & Zorig Bayaraa & Samson D. Yusuf, 2015. "Energy Technology Innovation in Brazil," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 5(1), pages 263-287.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration

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