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Trade related capacity building : an overview in the context of Latin American trade policy and the MERCOSUR-EU association agreement

Author

Listed:
  • Robert Devlin

    (Instituto para la Integración de América Latina y el Caribe, INTAL)

  • Ziga Vodusek

    (Instituto para la Integración de América Latina y el Caribe, INTAL)

Abstract

El comercio se ha transformado en un objetivo estratégico importante para los países en desarrollo. Este es un fenómeno relativamente nuevo para muchos de ellos. Por lo tanto, la demanda para intensificar una inserción en la economía global a menudo avanza más rápido que las capacidades institucionales para formular estrategias, políticas institucionales e instituciones eficientes. Esto se complica aún más, por el hecho que la inserción se está implementando de manera creciente a través de la negociación de los más complejos acuerdos comerciales con importantes asimetrías entre las partes y grandes repercusiones de la apertura global. Este documento primero describe la naturaleza de la metodología estratégica comercial emergente de América Latina. Luego resalta los mayores desafíos para la estrategia y el porqué de la importancia del fortalecimiento de la capacidad institucional en materia de comercio (TRCB por sus siglas en inglés). Esto se continúa con una discusión sobre la evolución del pensamiento con relación a la asistencia técnica para el comercio. Luego el documento revisa y compara alguna de las características más importantes de las iniciativas multilaterales más relevantes en esta área, sus progresos y las limitaciones persistentes. Es importante destacar que el foco se centra en los "sistemas de distribución" como tales, y no en la eficiencia de los proyectos TRCB en sí mismos. Esta reseña se continúa con una discusión más prolongada sobre la metodología de la Comisión Europea (CE) con relación a los TRCB. La última sección formula una propuesta sobre como la Comisión Europea podría proseguir los TRCB en el MERCOSUR a la luz de las negociaciones dilatadas de un Acuerdo de Asociación MERCOSUR-UE = Trade has become an increasingly important strategic objective for developing countries. This is a relatively new phenomenon for many of them. Hence the demand to intensify an insertion into the world economy often advances faster than their institutional capacities to formulate effective strategies, trade policies and institutions. This is further complicated by the fact that the insertion is increasingly being undertaken through negotiation of ever more complex trade agreements with important asymmetries between the parties and large repercussions from market opening. This paper first outlines the nature of Latin America's emerging strategic approach to trade. It then highlights the major challenges of the strategy and why TRCB is important. This is followed by a discussion of the evolution of thinking about technical assistance for trade. Then the paper reviews and compares some of the major characteristics of important multilateral initiatives in this area, advances and remaining limitations. It is important to stress that our focus is on "delivery systems" as such and not the effectiveness of the TRCB projects themselves. This review is followed by a more lengthy discussion of the European Commission's (EC) approach to TRCB. The final substantive section makes a proposal about how the EC could pursue TRCB in MERCOSUR in light of the protracted negotiations for a MERCOSUR-EU Association Agreement (MEU)

Suggested Citation

  • Robert Devlin & Ziga Vodusek, 2005. "Trade related capacity building : an overview in the context of Latin American trade policy and the MERCOSUR-EU association agreement," INTAL Working Papers 1262, Inter-American Development Bank, INTAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:idb:intalp:1262
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Julio J. Nogués, 2004. "Agricultural Exporters in a Protectionist World: Review and Policy Implications of Barriers Against Mercosur," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 2651, Inter-American Development Bank.
    2. Marcelo de Paiva Abreu, 2004. "The Political Economy of High Protection in Brazil before 1987," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 2641, Inter-American Development Bank.
    3. Henri-Bernard Solignac Lecomte, 2003. "Building Capacity to Trade: What Are the Priorities?," OECD Development Centre Working Papers 223, OECD Publishing.
    4. Mauricio Mesquita Moreira, 2004. "Brazil’s Trade Liberalization and Growth: Has it Failed?," International Trade 0412008, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Esteradeordal, Antoni & Goto, Junichi, 2001. "The New Regionalism in the Americas: The Case of Mercosur," Journal of Economic Integration, Center for Economic Integration, Sejong University, vol. 16, pages 180-202.
    6. Francisco Rodriguez & Dani Rodrik, 2001. "Trade Policy and Economic Growth: A Skeptic's Guide to the Cross-National Evidence," NBER Chapters,in: NBER Macroeconomics Annual 2000, Volume 15, pages 261-338 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Ethier, Wilfred J, 1998. "The New Regionalism," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 108(449), pages 1149-1161, July.
    8. Julio J. Nogués, 2004. "Agricultural Exporters in a Protectionist World: Review and Policy Implications of Barriers Against Mercosur," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 9386, Inter-American Development Bank.
    9. Marcelo de Paiva Abreu, 2004. "The Political Economy of High Protection in Brazil before 1987," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 9375, Inter-American Development Bank.
    10. repec:idb:brikps:8285 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Robert Devlin & Ricardo Ffrench-Davis, 1999. "Towards an Evaluation of Regional Integration in Latin America in the 1990s," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 22(2), pages 261-290, March.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    POLITICA COMERCIAL; PAISES EMERGENTES; MERCADO COMUN DEL SUR; MERCOSUR; NEGOCIACIONES COMERCIALES; UNION EUROPEA; UE;

    JEL classification:

    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations

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