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Determinação de salários no Brasil: dualidade ou não-linearidade no retorno à educação?

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Abstract

O objetivo deste artigo é testar empiricamente a existência de dualidade no mercado de trabalho brasileiro. O método de análise consiste em avaliar em que medida são observadas diferenças salariais entre trabalhadores que não são explicadas apenas por diferenças nos seus atributos produtivos. São analisados os dados da Pesquisa Nacional por Amostra de Domicílios (PNAD/IBGE) de 1988, através da metodologia proposta por Dickens & Lang (1985 e 1992), a qual determina endogenamente os setores duais a partir de um modelo de switching-regressions. Os resultados sugerem que parece não haver dualidade no mercado de trabalho brasileiro. Apesar do modelo dual explicar melhor os salários do que um modelo competitivo linear, o seu desempenho é inferior ao de um modelo competitivo com não-linearidades no retorno à educação. A evidência faz crer que a educação é o determinante básico do salário e do acesso aos bons postos de trabalho no Brasil.

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  • Rodrigo Reis Soares & Gustavo Gonzaga, 1997. "Determinação de salários no Brasil: dualidade ou não-linearidade no retorno à educação?," Textos para discussão 380, Department of Economics PUC-Rio (Brazil).
  • Handle: RePEc:rio:texdis:380
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    1. Lam, David & Schoeni, Robert F, 1993. "Effects of Family Background on Earnings and Returns to Schooling: Evidence from Brazil," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 101(4), pages 710-740, August.
    2. Dickens, William T & Lang, Kevin, 1985. "A Test of Dual Labor Market Theory," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 75(4), pages 792-805, September.
    3. repec:eee:labchp:v:2:y:1986:i:c:p:1183-1217 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. James J. Heckman & V. Joseph Hotz, 1986. "An Investigation of the Labor Market Earnings of Panamanian Males Evaluating the Sources of Inequality," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 21(4), pages 507-542.
    5. Andrew C. Harvey, 1990. "The Econometric Analysis of Time Series, 2nd Edition," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 2, volume 1, number 026208189x, January.
    6. Armando Castelar & Lauro Ramos, 1994. "Inter-Industry wage differentials and earnings inequality in Brazil," Estudios de Economia, University of Chile, Department of Economics, vol. 21(esp Year ), pages 79-111, November.
    7. Magnac, Th, 1991. "Segmented or Competitive Labor Markets," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 59(1), pages 165-187, January.
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    1. repec:bbz:fcpbbr:v:8:y:2011:i:1:p:93-113 is not listed on IDEAS

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