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Inferring Inequality with Home Production

Author

Listed:
  • Job Boerma

    (University of Minnesota)

  • Loukas Karabarbounis

    (University of Minnesota)

Abstract

We revisit the causes, welfare consequences, and policy implications of the dispersion in households' labor market outcomes using a model with uninsurable risk, incomplete asset markets, and a home production technology. Accounting for home production amplies welfare-based dierences across households meaning that inequality is larger than we thought. Using the optimality condition that households allocate more consumption to their more productive sector, we infer that the dispersion in home productivity across households is roughly three times as large as the dispersion in their wages. There is little scope for home production to oset dierences that originate in the market sector because productivity dierences in the home sector are large and the time input in home production does not covary with consumption expenditures and wages in the cross section of households. We conclude that the optimal tax system should feature more progressivity taking into account home production.

Suggested Citation

  • Job Boerma & Loukas Karabarbounis, 2018. "Inferring Inequality with Home Production," 2018 Meeting Papers 157, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  • Handle: RePEc:red:sed018:157
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    1. Inferring Inequality with Home Production
      by Christian Zimmermann in NEP-DGE blog on 2018-01-11 22:56:22

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    Cited by:

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    2. Lei Fang & Anne Hannusch & Pedro Silos, 2020. "Bundling Time and Goods: Implications for Hours Dispersion," DETU Working Papers 2003, Department of Economics, Temple University.
    3. Boerma, Job & Karabarbounis, Loukas, 2020. "Labor market trends and the changing value of time," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 115(C).
    4. Alexander Bick & Adam Blandin & Richard Rogerson, 2019. "Hours and Wages," 2019 Meeting Papers 261, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    5. Bellmann, Lutz & Hübler, Olaf, 2020. "Job Satisfaction and Work-Life Balance: Differences between Homework and Work at the Workplace of the Company," IZA Discussion Papers 13504, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    6. Theloudis, Alexandros, 2021. "Consumption inequality across heterogeneous families," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 136(C).
    7. Chang, Yongsung & Kim, Sun-Bin & Kwon, Kyooho & Rogerson, Richard, 2020. "Cross-sectional and aggregate labor supply," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 126(C).
    8. Enghin Atalay, 2022. "A Twenty-First Century of Solitude? Time Alone and Together in the United States," Working Papers 22-11, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia.
    9. William Bednar & Nick Pretnar, 2019. "Home Production with Time to Consume," 2019 Meeting Papers 328, Society for Economic Dynamics.

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • D10 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - General
    • D60 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - General
    • E21 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Consumption; Saving; Wealth
    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply

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