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A Unified Model of Structural Adjustments and International Trade: Theory and Evidence from China

  • Vivian Yue

    (Federal Reserve Board of Governors)

  • Jiandong Ju

    (Tsinghua University)

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    In this paper, we first document the patterns of structural adjustments in Chinese manufacturing production and exports using a firm level data from China. We find that manufacturing production became more capital intensive while exports became more labor intensive from 1999 to 2007. To explain these patterns, we unify major international trade theories by embedding the Melitz (2003) model of heterogeneous firm into the Dornbusch-Fischer-Samuelson model with both Ricardian and Heckscher-Ohlin (1977, 1980) comparative advantage. We discuss the equilibrium patterns of production and international trade. Then we solve the model numerically and analyze other equilibrium properties. Finally we study the comparative statics to examine the effects of trade liberalization, capital deepening and technology changes.

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    File URL: https://economicdynamics.org/meetpapers/2013/paper_859.pdf
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    Paper provided by Society for Economic Dynamics in its series 2013 Meeting Papers with number 859.

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    Date of creation: 2013
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    Handle: RePEc:red:sed013:859
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    Society for Economic Dynamics Marina Azzimonti Department of Economics Stonybrook University 10 Nicolls Road Stonybrook NY 11790 USA

    Web page: http://www.EconomicDynamics.org/
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    1. Chang-Tai Hsieh & Peter J. Klenow, 2007. "Misallocation and Manufacturing TFP in China and India," Discussion Papers 07-006, Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research.
    2. Dornbusch, Rudiger & Fischer, Stanley & Samuelson, Paul A, 1977. "Comparative Advantage, Trade, and Payments in a Ricardian Model with a Continuum of Goods," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 67(5), pages 823-39, December.
    3. Andrew Bernard & Stephen Redding & Peter Schott, 2004. "Comparative advantage and heterogeneous firms," IFS Working Papers W04/24, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
    4. Bernard, Andrew B. & Jensen, J Bradford & Redding, Stephen J. & Schott, Peter K., 2007. "Firms in International Trade," CEPR Discussion Papers 6277, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    5. Marc J. Melitz, 2003. "The Impact of Trade on Intra-Industry Reallocations and Aggregate Industry Productivity," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 71(6), pages 1695-1725, November.
    6. Peter K. Schott, 2003. "One Size Fits All? Heckscher-Ohlin Specialization in Global Production," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 93(3), pages 686-708, June.
    7. ., 2008. "Human Capital and Social Policy," Chapters, in: Microeconomic Policy, chapter 12 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    8. ., 2008. "Costs, Supply and Policy," Chapters, in: Microeconomic Policy, chapter 6 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    9. Roberto Alvarez & Ricardo López, 2005. "Exporting and performance: evidence from Chilean plants," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 38(4), pages 1384-1400, November.
    10. Haichao Fan & Edwin L.-C. Lai & Han Steffan Qi, 2011. "A Model of Trade with Ricardian Comparative Advantage and Intra-sectoral Firm Heterogeneity," CESifo Working Paper Series 3634, CESifo Group Munich.
    11. ., 2008. "Consumers and Policy," Chapters, in: Microeconomic Policy, chapter 5 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    12. Zivot, Eric & Andrews, Donald W K, 2002. "Further Evidence on the Great Crash, the Oil-Price Shock, and the Unit-Root Hypothesis," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 20(1), pages 25-44, January.
    13. Zhi Wang & Shang-Jin Wei, 2008. "What Accounts for the Rising Sophistication of China's Exports?," NBER Working Papers 13771, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    14. ., 2008. "Oligopoly and Policy-Making," Chapters, in: Microeconomic Policy, chapter 9 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    15. John Romalis, 2004. "Factor Proportions and the Structure of Commodity Trade," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 94(1), pages 67-97, March.
    16. Costas Arkolakis, 2010. "Market Penetration Costs and the New Consumers Margin in International Trade," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 118(6), pages 1151 - 1199.
    17. Rudiger Dornbusch & Stanley Fischer & Paul A. Samuelson, 1980. "Heckscher-Ohlin Trade Theory with a Continuum of Goods," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 95(2), pages 203-224.
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