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Wage Determination and Labor Market Volatility under Mismatch

  • William Hawkins

    (University of Rochester)

Shimer (2007, American Economic Review) introduced a model of mismatch, in which limited mobility of vacant jobs and unemployed workers provides a microfoundation for their coexistence in equilibrium. Shimer assumed that the short side of a local labor market receives all the gains from trade, and argues that the model helps to explain the volatility of unemployment and the vacancy-unemployment ratio in response to productivity shocks. I show that the assumption on wages is essential for this conclusion by considering alternative assumptions. When wages are determined according to the Shapley value, they depend more smoothly on local labor market conditions, but unemployment and the vacancy-unemployment ratio are even more volatile. However, in both cases amplification relative to the Mortensen-Pissarides benchmark arises only because the implied process for wages is more volatile.

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Paper provided by Society for Economic Dynamics in its series 2012 Meeting Papers with number 797.

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Date of creation: 2012
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Handle: RePEc:red:sed012:797
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  1. Robert E. Hall, 2005. "Employment Fluctuations with Equilibrium Wage Stickiness," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 95(1), pages 50-65, March.
  2. Costain, James S. & Reiter, Michael, 2008. "Business cycles, unemployment insurance, and the calibration of matching models," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 32(4), pages 1120-1155, April.
  3. David Pérez-Castrillo & David Wettstein, . "Bidding For The Surplus: A Non-Cooperative Approach To The Shapley Value," UFAE and IAE Working Papers 461.00, Unitat de Fonaments de l'Anàlisi Econòmica (UAB) and Institut d'Anàlisi Econòmica (CSIC).
  4. Olivier Blanchard & Jordi Galí, 2010. "Labor Markets and Monetary Policy: A New Keynesian Model with Unemployment," American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics, American Economic Association, vol. 2(2), pages 1-30, April.
  5. Mark Gertler & Antonella Trigari, 2006. "Unemployment fluctuations with staggered Nash wage bargaining," Proceedings, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco.
  6. Dale T. Mortensen & Christopher A. Pissarides, 1993. "Job Creation and Job Destruction in the Theory of Unemployment," CEP Discussion Papers dp0110, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
  7. Robert Shimer, 2005. "The Cyclical Behavior of Equilibrium Unemployment and Vacancies," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 95(1), pages 25-49, March.
  8. John Kennan, 2006. "Private Information, Wage Bargaining and Employment Fluctuations," NBER Working Papers 11967, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  9. Caballero, Ricardo J & Hammour, Mohamad L, 1996. "On the Timing and Efficiency of Creative Destruction," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 111(3), pages 805-52, August.
  10. Kevin J. Stiroh, 2006. "Volatility accounting: a production perspective on increased economic stability," Staff Reports 245, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
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