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Resource Intensive Production and Aggregate Economic Performance

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  • Ian Keay

    () (Queen's University)

Abstract

The main objective of this paper is to determine whether specialization in resource intensive production had a positive impact on the performance of the aggregate Canadian economy over the 1970-2005 period. Specialization is simply measured as the proportion of aggregate employment, the aggregate fixed capital stock, and G.N.P. that may be attributed to Canada's energy, fishing, forestry, and mining industries. Direct contributions to intensive, or per capita performance are measured in terms of the resource industries' profitability, productivity, and capital intensity. Indirect contributions to economic performance are measured in terms of spill overs, or linkages to other non-resource intensive industries through raw material price advantages and demand generation. The possibility that resource intensive production may have been crowding out other sectors in the economy through input price inflation or currency appreciation is also investigated. Based on the evidence, I argue that Canada's resource industries were making a substantial positive impact on aggregate economic performance after 1970, but this conclusion depends on the inclusion of the energy industries in resource sector.

Suggested Citation

  • Ian Keay, 2008. "Resource Intensive Production and Aggregate Economic Performance," Working Papers 1176, Queen's University, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:qed:wpaper:1176
    as

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    File URL: http://qed.econ.queensu.ca/working_papers/papers/qed_wp_1176.pdf
    File Function: First version 2008
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Robert J. Gordon, 2000. "Does the "New Economy" Measure Up to the Great Inventions of the Past?," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 14(4), pages 49-74, Fall.
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    5. William D. Nordhaus, 2002. "Productivity Growth and the New Economy," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 33(2), pages 211-265.
    6. Surendra Gera & Kurt Mang, 1998. "The Knowledge-Based Economy: Shifts in Industrial Output," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 24(2), pages 149-184, June.
    7. Beckstead, Desmond & Brown, Mark & Gellatly, Guy & Seaborn, Catherine, 2004. "Assessing the Growth of the New Economy across Canadian Cities and Regions: 1990-2000," Journal of Regional Analysis and Policy, Mid-Continent Regional Science Association, vol. 34(2).
    8. Easterbrook, W. T., 1959. "Recent Contributions to Economic History: Canada," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 19(01), pages 76-102, March.
    9. Corden, W M, 1984. "Booming Sector and Dutch Disease Economics: Survey and Consolidation," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 36(3), pages 359-380, November.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Resource Dependence; Spill Overs; Crowding Out; Resource Based Growth;

    JEL classification:

    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products
    • N52 - Economic History - - Agriculture, Natural Resources, Environment and Extractive Industries - - - U.S.; Canada: 1913-

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