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Is joy an emotional function of age and gender?


  • Alvi, Mohsin
  • Mirza, Mohammad Haris
  • Ikram, Midra
  • Khoso, Ameer Bux
  • Mukhtar, Amber


Historically, psychological researches on emotion were focused more on negative emotions. Recently, researchers have directed their attention towards positive emotion because of positive emotions is in crises throughout the globe (Fredrickson et al, 2003). So, it is an emerging field of study, many areas of which are under developed. The present research is aimed at exploring two of such areas: gender and age differences in positive emotions. Because of the suggested importance of studying discrete units of positive emotion, only one emotion i.e. joy was selected for the study. Dispositional Positive Emotion Scale-Joy sub scale was administered on 479 participants (331 men, 148 women), age ranging between 20 and 49. Following two hypotheses were generated: first, women feel lesser joy than men; and second, intensity of joy feeling varies with age. The results were consistent with the first hypothesis. For the second hypothesis, no significant differences are found in the feeling of joy among people belonging to different age groups.

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  • Alvi, Mohsin & Mirza, Mohammad Haris & Ikram, Midra & Khoso, Ameer Bux & Mukhtar, Amber, 2017. "Is joy an emotional function of age and gender?," MPRA Paper 87367, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:87367

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Darin P. Smith & Charles H. Hillman & Aaron R. Duley, 2005. "Influences of Age on Emotional Reactivity During Picture Processing," Journals of Gerontology: Series B, Gerontological Society of America, vol. 60(1), pages 49-56.
    2. Alvi, Mohsin & Naz, Farah & Khan, M. Mubashir Q. & Mirza, Mohammad Haris & Ikram, Midra & Bux, Ameer, 2016. "Analyzing the Pattern of Smoker in Karachi," MPRA Paper 71973, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Alvi, Mohsin & Surani, Mehreen & Hirani, Saneea, 2013. "The Effect of Performance Evaluation on Employee’s Job Satisfaction in Pakistan International Airlines Corporation (2013)," MPRA Paper 46415, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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    More about this item


    Dispositional Positive Emotion Scale (DPES); Gender; Age; Independent Sample T-test; Anova;

    JEL classification:

    • A14 - General Economics and Teaching - - General Economics - - - Sociology of Economics
    • D03 - Microeconomics - - General - - - Behavioral Microeconomics: Underlying Principles
    • M5 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Personnel Economics
    • Y1 - Miscellaneous Categories - - Data: Tables and Charts
    • Z1 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics

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