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Decimalization, Realized Volatility, and Market Microstructure Noise

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  • Vuorenmaa, Tommi A.

Abstract

This paper studies empirically the effect of decimalization on volatility and market microstructure noise. We apply several non-parametric estimators in order to accurately measure volatility and market microstructure noise variance before and after the final stage of decimalization which, on the NYSE, took place in January, 2001. We find that decimalization decreased observed volatility by decreasing noise variance and, consequently, increased the significance of the true signal especially in the trade price data for the high-activity stocks. In general, however, most of the found increase in the signal-to-noise ratio is explainable by confounding and random effects. We also find that although allowing for dependent noise can matter pointwisely, it does not appear to be critical in our case where the estimates are averaged over time and across stocks. For that same reason rare random jumps are not critical either. It is more important to choose a proper data type and prefilter the data carefully.

Suggested Citation

  • Vuorenmaa, Tommi A., 2008. "Decimalization, Realized Volatility, and Market Microstructure Noise," MPRA Paper 8692, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:8692
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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/8692/1/MPRA_paper_8692.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Bertrand B. Maillet & Jean-Philippe R. M�decin, 2010. "Extreme Volatilities, Financial Crises and L-moment Estimations of Tail-indexes," Working Papers 2010_10, Department of Economics, University of Venice "Ca' Foscari".

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Decimalization; Market microstructure noise; Realized volatility; Realized variance; Tick size; Ultra-high-frequency data;

    JEL classification:

    • C14 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Semiparametric and Nonparametric Methods: General
    • C19 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Other

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