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Food Consumption Patterns and Nutrition Disparity in Pakistan

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  • Haider, Adnan
  • Zaidi, Masroor

Abstract

The study examines the changes in household consumption patterns in Pakistan based on eleven composite food groups. The analysis is based on micro level survey dataset, Household Income Expenditure Survey (HIES) with seven consecutive rounds spanning over the period 2000-01 till 2013-14. Along with differences in consumption and calorie bundles, variations in household’s response to change in prices and income have also been estimated. Empirical results based on Quadratic Almost Ideal Demand System (QUAIDS) support the hypothesis that food consumption patterns are not only different across regions but are also different among provinces. Despite the increase in availability of food items and increased per capita income, average calories intake per adult equivalent in the country is still less than 2350 Kcal benchmark. It is estimated that, thirty percent of children under age 5 are underweight, forty-five percent are stunted, eleven percent are wasted and thirty percent are underweighted. The overall scenario may increase vulnerability to poverty, countrywide disease burdens and lower productivity.

Suggested Citation

  • Haider, Adnan & Zaidi, Masroor, 2017. "Food Consumption Patterns and Nutrition Disparity in Pakistan," MPRA Paper 83522, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:83522
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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/83522/1/MPRA_paper_83522.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Sana Khushi & Sajid Rashid Ahmad & Ather Ashraf & Muhammad Imran, 2020. "Spatially analyzing food consumption inequalities using GIS with disaggregated data from Punjab, Pakistan," Food Security: The Science, Sociology and Economics of Food Production and Access to Food, Springer;The International Society for Plant Pathology, vol. 12(6), pages 1283-1298, December.
    2. Hameed, Abdul & Padda, Ihtsham ul Haq & Salam, Abdul, 2020. "Estimating the Socio-Economic Factors of Food Insecurity in Pakistan:A Regional Level Analysis," MPRA Paper 102290, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Umaroh, Rodhiah & Pangaribowo, Evita Hanie, 2019. "The Analysis of Protein Consumption Pattern in Indonesia: A Case of Own-produced Commodities," MPRA Paper 109161, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Food Consumption Patterns; QUAIDS; Non-linear Engel Curves; Elasticities;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C31 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models; Quantile Regressions; Social Interaction Models
    • I12 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Behavior
    • O12 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • Q11 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Aggregate Supply and Demand Analysis; Prices

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